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Action potentials in many excitable cells are followed by a prolonged afterhyperpolarization that modulates repetitive firing. Although it is established that the afterhyperpolarization is produced by Ca-activated K+ currents, the basis of these currents is not known. The large conductance (250 pS) Ca-activated K+ channel (BK channel) is not a major(More)
The conductance and selectivity of the Ca-activated K channel in cultured rat muscle was studied. Shifts in the reversal potential of single channel currents when various cations were substituted for Ki+ were used with the Goldman-Hodgkin-Katz equation to calculate relative permeabilities. The selectivity was Tl+ greater than K+ greater than Rb+ greater(More)
The patch-clamp technique was used to characterize channels that could contribute to the resting Cl-conductance in the surface membrane of cultured rat skeletal muscle. Two Cl- -selective channels, in addition to the Cl- -selective channel of large conductance described previously (Blatz and Magleby, 1983), were observed. One of these channels had fast(More)
Single-channel currents of an anion-selective channel in the plasma membrane of cultured rat muscle cells (myotubes) were recorded with the patch-clamp technique (Hamill, O.P., A. Marty, E. Neher, B. Sakmann, and F.J. Sigworth, 1981. Pfluegers Arch. Eur. J. Physiol., 391:85-100). The channel is selective for Cl- over cations, and has an unusually large(More)
Interpretation of currents recorded from single ion channels in cellular membranes or lipid bilayers is complicated by the necessarily limited time resolution of the recording and detection systems. All intervals less than a certain duration, depending on the frequency response of the system, are not detected. Such missed events produce increases in the(More)
(1) Analysis of the durations of open and shut intervals measured from single channel currents provides a means to investigate the mechanisms of channel gating. Durations of open and shut intervals are conveniently measured from single channel data by using a threshold level to indicate transitions between open and shut states. This paper presents a(More)
Ion channels in cell membranes, whether voltage-dependent or activated by ligands, make repeated transitions among open and shut states during activity. Information about the number of states and the transitional pathways between them can be obtained from the durations of open and shut intervals, as transitions to states of different lifetimes result in(More)
In the intact animal, some substantia nigra dopaminergic neurons exhibit regular, and some exhibit burst firing patterns. In the in vitro slice preparation, however, all dopaminergic neurons exhibit a nonburst firing pattern. Burst firing patterns are thought to be regulated, in part, by a small conductance calcium-activated potassium channel (SK channels).(More)
The steady-state kinetic properties of single Cl- channels with fast kinetics active at resting membrane potentials in cultured rat skeletal muscle were studied using the patch-clamp technique. Membrane patches containing single active Cl- channels were often observed, and binomial analysis of the percentage open time in membrane patches containing several(More)
Inward rectifier and delayed rectifier K currents were measured in frog skeletal muscle fibers with the vaseline gap voltage clamp technique as internal or external pH were lowered. Inward rectifier currents were only slightly reduced by low external pH but were completely and reversibly blocked when the internal pH was reduced to below 5.5 either by(More)