A. Kurt Gamperl

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We have attempted to critically review the methods used to experimentally controlin vivo levels of circulating stress hormones (cortisol, epinephrine, norepinephrine) in fish, and to suggest which of them are most suitable for future studies (Table 4). From the discussion it is evident that there are numerous choices for achieving elevated hormone(More)
Fish larvae are the world's smallest vertebrates, and their high rates of mortality may be partially owing to a very limited aerobic scope. Unfortunately, however, no complete empirical dataset exists on the relationship between minimal and maximal metabolism (and thus aerobic scope) for any fish species throughout ontogeny, and thus such an association is(More)
Numerous studies have examined the effect of temperature on in vivo and in situ cardiovascular function in trout. However, little information exists on cardiac function at temperatures near the trout’s upper lethal limit. This study measured routine and maximum in situ cardiac performance in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) following acclimation to 15,(More)
Fish cardiac physiology and anatomy show a multiplicity of intraspecific modifications when exposed to prolonged changes in environmentally relevant parameters such as temperature, hypoxia and food availability, and when meeting the increased demands associated with training/increased activity and sexual maturation. Further, there is evidence that rearing(More)
For fish to survive large acute temperature increases (i.e. >10.0 degrees C) that may bring them close to their critical thermal maximum (CTM), oxygen uptake at the gills and distribution by the cardiovascular system must increase to match tissue oxygen demand. To examine the effects of an acute temperature increase ( approximately 1.7 degrees C h(-1) to(More)
In recent years, there has been a great deal of interest in how growth hormone (GH) transgenesis affects fish physiology. However, the results of these studies are often difficult to interpret because the transgenic and non-transgenic fish had very different environmental/rearing histories. This study used a stable line of size-matched GH Atlantic salmon(More)
Mature, wild sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) demonstrated their remarkable stamina and recovery abilities by performing three consecutive critical swimming speed tests with only a 45 min interval for recovery between subsequent tests. Although the repeated swimming challenges were performed without a full recovery, normoxic fish swam just as well on the(More)
Streamside measurements of critical thermal maxima (Tcrit), swimming performance (Ucrit), and routine (Rr) and maximum (Rmax) metabolic rates were performed on three populations of genetically distinct redband trout Oncorhynchus mykiss in the high-desert region of south-eastern Oregon. The Tcrit values (29 4 0 1 C) for small (40–140 g) redband trout from(More)
Specific binding of the hydrophilic radioligand [3H]CGP-12177 to cell surface (functional) beta-adrenoreceptors was quantified in ventricular micropunches (2 mm diameter, 350 microns thickness) from seawater-acclimated rainbow trout held at 7-9 degrees. Binding was stereospecific, saturable, of high affinity, and displaceable by appropriate agonists and(More)
This paper reviews the effects of exercise and hypercapnia on blood flow to the splanchnic circulation. Brief struggling behaviours are known to decrease blood flow to the gut (GBF). Likewise, prolonged swimming in unfed fish has been shown to reduce GBF in proportion to the increased oxygen uptake. Therefore, the normal postprandial increase in GBF(More)