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The dorsal thalamus (DT) is a pivotal region in the vertebrate brain that relays inputs from the peripheral sensory organs to higher cognitive centers. It consists of clusters of neurons with relevant functions, called brain nuclei. However, the mechanisms underlying development of the DT, including specification of the neuronal subtypes and morphogenesis(More)
The limb muscle precursor cells migrate from the somites and congregate into the dorsal and ventral muscle masses in the limb bud. Complex muscle patterns are formed by successive splitting of the muscle masses and subsequent growth and differentiation in a region-specific manner. Hox genes, known as key regulator genes of cartilage pattern formation in the(More)
Vertebrate endoderm development has recently become the focus of intense investigation. We have identified a novel sox gene, 226D7, which is important in zebrafish endoderm development. 226D7 was isolated by an in situ hybridization screening for genes expressed in the yolk syncytial layer (YSL) at the blastula stage. 226D7 is expressed mainly in the YSL at(More)
We cloned the chicken Hoxb-4 gene and performed in situ analysis to investigate conservation in patterns of expression between the chicken and mouse. The anterior boundaries of expression for both genes in segmented tissues, such as the hindbrain and paraxial mesoderm, map to the same rhombomere (r) (r6/r7) and somite (s) (s6/s7) limits, showing a direct(More)
Transient segmentation in the hindbrain is a fundamental morphogenetic phenomenon in the vertebrate embryo, and the restricted expression of subsets of Hox genes in the developing rhombomeric units and their derivatives is linked with regional specification. Here we show that patterning of the vertebrate hindbrain involves the direct upregulation of the(More)
The telencephalon is formed in the most anterior part of the central nervous system (CNS) and is organised into ventral subpallial and dorsal pallial domains. In mice, it has been demonstrated that Fgf signalling has an important role in induction and patterning of the telencephalon. However, the precise role of Fgf signalling is still unclear, owing to(More)
We have investigated by immunocytochemistry the spatial and temporal distribution of cellular retinoic acid-binding protein (CRABP) in the developing nervous system of the chick embryo in order to answer two specific questions: do neural crest cells contain CRABP and where and when do CRABP-positive neuroblasts first arise in the neural tube? With regard to(More)
In the developing chick limb bud, retinoic acid (RA) has a striking effect on anteroposterior axis formation, resulting in a duplicated pattern of digits. There is no evidence, however, that RA affects proximodistal axis formation in the developing chick limb bud, although RA induces proximodistal duplication in regenerating amphibian limbs. We describe a(More)
Analyses using amphibian embryos proposed that induction and anteroposterior patterning of the central nervous system is initiated by signals that are produced by the organizer and organizer-derived axial mesoderm. However, we show here that the initial anteroposterior pattern of the zebrafish central nervous system depends on the differential competence of(More)
The temporal and spatial regulation of somitogenesis requires a molecular oscillator, the segmentation clock. Through Notch signalling, the oscillation in cells is coordinated and translated into a cyclic wave of expression of hairy-related and other genes. The wave sweeps caudorostrally through the presomitic mesoderm (PSM) and finally arrests at the(More)