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Dengue viral infections are one of the most important mosquito borne diseases in the world. The dengue virus is a single stranded RNA virus belonging to the Flaviviridae family. There are four serotypes (DEN 1-4) classified according to biological and immunological criteria. Patients may be asymptomatic or their condition may give rise to undifferentiated(More)
A method for generating the cursive scripts of Arabic-Farsi-Urdu family of languages was developed by Hyder (1). This principle, commonly known as contextual analysis, has now become the universal standard for all input-output devices: e.g. computer terminals, teleprinters, typewriters, etc. In the present paper the inverse problem is studied and the design(More)
Sheehan's syndrome, first described in 1937, is characterised by postpartum haemorrhage, pituitary necrosis, lactational failure and hypopitutarism. Presentation is variable and late presentations are not unusual due to partial ischaemic injury of the pituitary and gradual loss of endocrine function. A history of postpartum haemorrhage is usual but in some(More)
Pill-induced oesophagitis is well reported in people of all ages (range 3-98 years), with females outnumbering males by 1.5:1. Antibiotic pills, cardiac pills and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and alendronate are the most common culprits. We report a case of fluoxetine-induced pill oesophagitis in a young adult without any underlying pathological(More)
Peptic ulcer perforation and haemorrhage is not unusual as a complication of peptic ulcer disease. In the older patientspresentation can be dramatic and atypical. The authors are presenting a case of duodenal ulcer perforation and haemorrhage which was misdiagnosed as a gastric malignancy and thus failure to have Helicobacter pylori eradication, recurrence(More)
Actinomycosis is an infectious disease caused by anaerobic gram-positive, non-spore forming bacteria of the genus Actinomyces that affects the oropharynx, digestive tract, and genitalia. Thoracic actinomycosis may affect the respiratory tract and the pleura, even extending to the chest wall. Pulmonary actinomycosis occurs in immunocompetent persons during(More)
Gastric antral vascular ectasia (GAVE) syndrome is an uncommon but well-described cause of recurrent upper gastrointestinal bleeding or iron deficiency anaemia. Atiology is unknown but several associated diseases have been reported like connective tissue or autoimmune disorders or cirrhosis. Cases have been reported in systemic sclerosis, achlorhydia,(More)
Catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is caused by thrombotic vascular occlusions that affect both small and large vessels, producing ischaemia in the affected organs. The "catastrophic" variant of the antiphospholipid syndrome (cAPS) develops over a short period of time. Although patients with cAPS represent <1% of all patients with APS, they are(More)