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Primary olfactory nerve stimulation induces a two-step increase in extracellular potassium, as recorded by K+-sensitive microelectrodes inserted into single glomeruli of the rat olfactory bulb. The second rise in K+ (K-peak) occurs in a graded, activity-dependent manner at the basal pole of the glomerular neuropile. This phenomenon appears to be directly(More)
Electroolfactogram (EOG) and extracellular potassium activity (aK) measurements were carried out in frog olfactory epithelia in vivo. Odorant-evoked changes in aK were characterized on the basis of depth profile analysis. Following an olfactory stimulation with butanol vapours, an increase in aK was measured in the mucus and the proximal part of the(More)
Protein content and ATPase activities have been determined in the superficial and deep layers of the rat olfactory bulb. Protein levels, Mg2(+)-ATPase and Na+,K(+)-ATPase activities were significantly higher in the whole homogenate for the superficial layers. These differences were amplified when activity was expressed on a wet weight basis in a crude(More)
gamma-Aminobutyric acid (GABA) and baclofen were iontophoresed into the glomerular and plexiform layers of the olfactory bulb of rats at different ages. Subsequent changes in K+ activity and mitral cell firing rates were monitored to specify GABA receptor activation. Only bicuculline-insensitive receptors are shown to be already present in the glomerular(More)
This paper deals with the Quincke rotation of small insulating particles. This dc electrorotation of insulating objects immersed in a slightly conducting liquid is usually explained by looking at the action of the free charges present in the liquid. Under the effect of the dc electric field, the charges accumulate at the surface of the insulating particle(More)
Using K+-sensitive microelectrodes inserted into the olfactory bulb, the effects of distant K+ ejection on the extracellular K+ activity (aK), were monitored in the glomerular and plexiform layers. A ouabain-sensitive mechanism, which appeared to be markedly more efficient in the glomerular layer, prevents spread of distal ejected K+. The results are(More)
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