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BACKGROUND The worldwide increase in type 2 diabetes mellitus is becoming a major health concern. We aimed to assess the effect of acarbose in preventing or delaying conversion of impaired glucose tolerance to type 2 diabetes. METHODS In a multicentre, placebo-controlled randomised trial, we randomly allocated patients with impaired glucose tolerance to(More)
OBJECTIVE Stress stimuli such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF) have been shown to induce insulin receptor substrate (IRS)-1 serine phosphorylation and insulin resistance by transactivation of ErbB receptors. We aimed at elucidating the potential role of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38MAPK) in mediating stress-induced ErbB receptors activation. (More)
Expression of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I), its receptor and IGF-binding proteins (IGFBPs) by ovarian cancer cells and its mitogenic effect on these cells in vitro, suggest that IGF-I may have a role in regulation of human ovarian cancer. We have recently shown IGFBP-2 to be markedly elevated in malignant ovarian cyst fluid in vivo. To identify the(More)
BACKGROUND A truly noninvasive glucose-sensing device could revolutionalize diabetes treatment by leading to improved compliance with recommended glucose levels, thus reducing the long-term complications and cost of diabetes. Herein, we present the technology and evaluate the efficacy of a truly noninvasive device for continuous blood glucose monitoring,(More)
OBJECTIVE Adiponectin receptor-1 (AdipoR1) expression in skeletal muscle has been suggested to play an important role in insulin resistance and diabetes. We aimed at evaluating the presence of novel AdiopR1 splice variants in human muscle and their regulation under physiological and pathophysiological states. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS AdipoR1 5'UTR mRNA(More)
In view of the recent conflicting findings regarding the causative role of thyroid abnormalities in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), we performed a replication study to clarify the issue and establish clinical guidelines. Thyroid tests were performed in 43 ADHD children and 28 age- and gender-matched controls. Sixteen ADHD children showed(More)
INTRODUCTION Severe hypoglycemia is a burden for both patients and the healthcare system payer alike. This study aimed to quantify the resource use associated with a severe hypoglycemic event (SHE) in patients with diabetes. METHODS This retrospective cohort study compared resource use (e.g., physician visits, hospitalizations, and medications) 1 month(More)
INTRODUCTION In the Liraglutide Effect and Action in Diabetes (LEAD) randomized clinical trials (RCTs) assessing liraglutide in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), glycated hemoglobin (A1c) was reduced by 7-16 mmol/mol and weight by up to 3.4 kg. As real-life efficacy data on liraglutide is limited, the authors assessed clinical effects in a real-life cohort.(More)