A. Kamal Khan

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Pakistan's HIV epidemic is fully established and expanding among injection drug users (IDUs) of whom 20% are infected with HIV. Nascent epidemics are seen in some cities among Male sex workers and transgenders who form sexual contacts of IDUs. With involvement of sex workers, Pakistan appears to be following the "Asian Epidemic Model". On the other hand,(More)
INTRODUCTION With the contraceptive prevalence rate (CPR) at 30% in 2006-7, the rates of contraception use among married women of reproductive age (MWRA) in Pakistan are among the lowest in the region. This paper explores some options of unmet need as a means of addressing the low CPR. METHODS We conducted secondary data analysis of the Pakistan(More)
INTRODUCTION Nearly 20% of the estimated 84,000 injecting drug users in Pakistan are HIV infected. Non-governmental organisations have implemented HIV interventions for IDUs in 7 cities in Pakistan. Here we report on the performance, coverage and costs of these interventions. METHODS National HIV bio-behavioural surveillance data were used to measure(More)
INTRODUCTION The public sector provides a third of family planning (FP) services in Pakistan. However, these services are viewed as being underutilized and expensive. We explored the utilization patterns and costs of FP services in the public sector. METHODS We used overall budgets and time allocation by health and population departments to estimate the(More)
Heights, weights, haemoglobin, total proteins and albumin-globulin (A/G) ratio of 157 pregnant women in their last trimester of pregnancy are reported along with heights, weights, haemoglobin and albumin-globulin ratio of newborn babies. The results have been discussed.
This paper provides evidence that religious beliefs can have a significant impact on individual financial choices. Using proprietary panel data on the distribution of bank deposits across all commercial banks in Pakistan over a 33-month period, I find that Islamic banks enjoy substantially higher deposit growth rates than other banks and that this(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore the healthcare providers' perspectives in the management of sexually transmitted infections. METHODS The mixed-method qualitative study done in 2008 involved 51 general practitioners and specialists who are known among peers for managing sexually transmitted infections. Interviews were conducted using semi-structured instruments and(More)
INTRODUCTION Community-based distribution (CBD) has been successfully applied to family planning (FP) services worldwide. It forms the basis for the large lady health worker (LHW) programme in Pakistan which serves a limited number of women with contraception services. Thus, the concept has seen limited application in Pakistan. We present the outcomes of a(More)