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We have evaluated the functional sensitivity to a neuroactive steroid in 12 women with and 12 women without premenstrual syndrome (PMS) at two stages of the menstrual cycle, by comparing the effects of three increasing doses of intravenous pregnanolone (3alpha-hydroxy-5beta-pregnan-20-one) on saccadic eye velocity (SEV) and self-rated sedation. Control(More)
Post-mortem concentrations of progesterone, 5alpha-pregnane-3,20-dione (5alpha-DHP) and 3alpha-hydroxy-5alpha-pregnane-20-one (allopregnanolone) were measured in 17 brain areas and serum in five fertile and five postmenopausal women. Steroid concentrations were measured with radioimmunoassay after extraction of brain tissue with ethanol and purification(More)
GABA(A) receptors can mediate both phasic (synaptic) and tonic (extrasynaptic) forms of inhibition. It has been proposed that tonic inhibition plays a critical part in controlling neuronal and network excitability. Although tonic GABA(A) receptor-mediated currents have been well characterized in rodents, their existence in human tissue has yet to be(More)
Post-mortem concentrations of estradiol and testosterone were measured in 17 brain areas, serum and fat in 6 fertile and 5 postmenopausal women. Steroid concentrations were measured with radioimmunoassay after extraction of brain tissue with ethanol and purification with celite chromatography. There were regional differences in brain concentrations of both(More)
The molecular composition and functional properties of cell-cell junctions of choroid plexus epithelial cells and the ependyma of the lateral ventricular wall were investigated in the rat brain. Expression studies of cadherin and alpha- and beta-catenins, as well as expression of occludin and ZO-1, indicated that cell adherens and tight junctions were(More)
UNLABELLED Malassezia commensal yeasts are associated with a number of skin disorders, such as atopic eczema/dermatitis and dandruff, and they also can cause systemic infections. Here we describe the 7.67-Mbp genome of Malassezia sympodialis, a species associated with atopic eczema, and contrast its genome repertoire with that of Malassezia globosa,(More)
Adenosine A1 receptors antagonistically and specifically modulate the binding and functional characteristics of dopamine D1 receptors. In the striatum this interaction seems to take place in the GABAergic strionigro-strioentopeduncular neurons, where both receptors are colocalized. D1 receptors in the strionigro-strioentopeduncular neurons are involved in(More)
This thesis investigates the distribution of slippery roads in Sweden and the UK for the present climate and how this may be affected by climate change for the rest of the century. It also addresses future scenarios for traffic accidents and winter road maintenance. The purpose of this thesis is to get a better understanding of winter road conditions and(More)
Hyperammonaemia has deleterious effects on the CNS in patients with liver dysfunction. Cellular mechanisms underlying the effects of hyperammonaemia are largely unknown, although astrocytes have been the main target of interest. This study investigated how treatment with NH4Cl and lactate, which increase in the brain as a consequence of hyperammonaemia,(More)
The reciprocal interactions between galanin and 5-HT1A receptors in the rat brain are presented. Galanin and its NH2-terminal fragments antagonize 5-HT1A receptor-mediated transmission at the postjunctional level, whereas galanin receptor activation mimics the inhibitory action of 5-HT1A receptor activation at the soma-dendritic level, leading to reductions(More)