A K Willingham

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The oxidation of phylloquinone to the 2,3-epoxide (by phylloquinone epoxidase) was studied in liver from control and warfarin-resistant rats. The reaction requires microsomal fraction, soluble protein, a heat-stable soluble factor and O(2). It is not inhibited by CO or CN(-). Epoxidase activity was stimulated if plasma prothrombin was lowered either by(More)
The separation of sufficient cis and trans forms of vitamin K for feeding and metabolic studies was accomplished on silica gel columns eluted with solvent containing n-butyl ether. The lack of biological activity of the cis isomer of phylloquinone was observed. The cis isomer was retained longer in liver, particularly in mitochondria, but had low retention(More)
Factor X in plasma is a gamma-carboxylated two-chain glycoprotein which, in activated form, plays a pivotal role in blood coagulation. We have utilized purified rat Factor X antibody, coupled to Sepharose, to isolate and characterize Factor X in rat liver, plasma, and hepatoma cells. Rat factor X is synthesized as a single chain precursor (Mr = 63,000). It(More)
14C-Labeled single-chain factor X prepared by vitamin K-dependent carboxylation in vitro was partially purified by adsorption to BaSO4 and chromatography on DEAE-Sephacel. Known activators of factor X were analyzed for their effect on the single-chain molecule. 14C-Labeled factor X antigens were recovered immunochemically from incubation mixtures and(More)
The experiments described in this report were designed to study the effects of danazol on matrix metalloproteinases in the rat uterus. Proteinases were analyzed by zymography in gels copolymerized with either gelatin or transferrin. There were no apparent effects of danazol on proteinases from rat uteri when analyzed in gelatin gels. However, in transferrin(More)
Synthesis and secretion of blood coagulation factor X was studied during incubations of hepatocytes prepared by perfusion of rat livers with collagenase. The apparent molecular weight of factor X isolated from the incubation medium was about 14,000 less than factor X isolated from rat plasma. The extracellular form of factor X was a two-chain polypeptide(More)