A. K. Van Der

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A phenomenological theory of salt-induced Hofmeister phenomena is presented, based on a relation between protein solubility in salt solutions and protein-water interfacial tension. As a generalization of previous treatments, it implies that both kosmotropic salting out and chaotropic salting in are manifested via salt-induced changes of the(More)
The main chlorophyll a/b light-harvesting complex of photosystem II, LHCIIb, has earlier been shown to be capable of undergoing light-induced reversible structural changes and chlorophyll a fluorescence quenching in a way resembling those observed in granal thylakoids when exposed to excess light [Barzda, V., et al. (1996) Biochemistry 35, 8981-8985]. The(More)
From the electric signals measured after photoexcitation, the electrogenicity of the photocycle intermediates of bacteriorhodopsin were determined in a pH range of 4.5-9. Current measurements and absorption kinetic signals at five wavelengths were recorded in the time interval from 300 ns to 0.5 s. To fit the data, the model containing sequential(More)
A new two step photobleaching process is observed under continuous illumination of bacteriorhodopsin. This photobleaching is considerable even at physiological temperatures and becomes large at 50-60 degrees C. The photobleaching also increases with increasing pH from 7 to 10. We suggest that the bleaching at its final stage could be due to the dissociation(More)
We performed molecular dynamics simulations on the tryptophane-cage miniprotein using a nonpolarizable force field, in order to model the effect of concentrated water solutions of neutral salts on protein conformation, which is a manifestation of Hofmeister effects. From the equilibrium values and the fluctuations of the solvent accessible surface area of(More)
Even a single neuron may be able to produce significant lognormal features in its firing statistics due to noise in the charging ion current. A mathematical scheme introduced in advanced nanotechnology is relevant for the analysis of this mechanism in the simplest case, the integrate-and-fire model with white noise in the charging ion current.
Stress is well-known to contribute to the development of both neurological and psychiatric diseases. While the role of the blood-brain barrier is increasingly recognized in the development of neurodegenerative disorders, such as Alzheimer's disease, dysfunction of the blood-brain barrier has been linked to stress-related psychiatric diseases only recently.(More)
Reconstitution of the photoelectric responses involved in photosensory transduction in "blind" cells of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii carotenoid-deficient mutants was studied by means of a recently developed population method. Both the photoreceptor current and the regenerative response can be restored by addition of all-trans-retinal, 9-demethyl-retinal, or(More)
The GGCC-specific restriction endonuclease BspRI is one of the few Type IIP restriction endonucleases, which were suggested to be a monomer. Amino acid sequence information obtained by Edman sequencing and mass spectrometry analysis was used to clone the gene encoding BspRI. The bspRIR gene is located adjacently to the gene of the cognate modification(More)
The principle of all-optical logical operations utilizing the unique nonlinear optical properties of a protein was demonstrated by a logic gate constructed from an integrated optical Mach-Zehnder interferometer as a passive structure, covered by a bacteriorhodopsin (bR) adlayer as the active element. Logical operations were based on a reversible change of(More)