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Three experiments were performed to study the effect of dopamine (DA) depletions, induced by neonatal intracerebroventricular (ICV) treatment with 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA), upon measures of spontaneous motor activity. Instrumental learning for food reward in an Olton radial arm maze and escape learning from a large, circular water maze were studied also.(More)
Does the pharmaceutical industry perform LD50-determinations in animals just because it is required by the authorities or are there any scientific benefits from counting dead animals and calculating and index of lethal toxicity? This is an important question when discussing LD50 and possible alternatives. We will try to answer this question by presenting(More)
Several changes of spontaneous motor and learned behaviours were obtained in the male offspring of pregnant rats that were treated on gestation day 15 with the antimitotic agent methylazoxymethanol (MAM, 25 mg/kg). MAM-treated offspring, when tested at adult ages, showed notable increases in motor activity parameters as measured by direct observation or in(More)
The objective of this investigation was to study the effects of lidocaine upon postnatal development of the rat. Lidocaine, 6 mg/kg (21 mumol/kg), was given to a group of 12 rats. Injections were administered intramuscularly, bilaterally in the masseter muscles, once a day on days 10 and 11 of pregnancy. Twelve control rats were given physiologic saline.(More)
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