A. K. Muhammad

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We analyzed 19 samples of various astrocytic tumors (3 astrocytomas, 5 anaplastic astrocytomas, and 11 glioblastomas) for loss of heterozygosity (LOH) on chromosome 9p at 6 microsatellite loci (D9S54, IFNA, D9S171, D9S104, D9S165, and D9S166). Polymerase chain reaction was performed and the products were electrophoresed on polyacrylamide gel. As many as 16(More)
BACKGROUND As the geographical distribution of malaria transmission becomes progressively clustered, identifying residual pockets of transmission is important for research and for targeting interventions. Malarial antibody-based surveillance is increasingly recognised as a valuable complement to classic methods for the detection of infection foci especially(More)
The prevalence and consequences of malaria among infants are not well characterized and may be underestimated. A better understanding of the risk for malaria in early infancy is critical for drug development and informed decision making. In a cross-sectional survey in Guinea, The Gambia, and Benin, countries with different malaria transmission intensities,(More)
We investigated chromosomal aberrations in meningiomas using newly developed comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) technique and compared the results with the proliferating potential of the tumors. This technique permits the entire genome to be surveyed in one session of experiments. Our results revealed chromosomal aberrations in 5 out of 10 (50%) of the(More)
The distribution of nerve growth factor (NGF) was studied after topical application of NGF solution or NGF Minipellet into the caudate nucleus of cat brains. Each aliquot of NGF solution or a piece of NGF Minipellet contains 200 micrograms of mouse 2.5S beta-NGF. The concentrations of NGF in various areas of the brain were determined by enzyme-linked(More)
BACKGROUND Intimate partner violence (IPV) is recognised as an important public health and social problem, with far reaching consequences for women's physical and emotional health and social well-being. Furthermore, controlling behaviour by a partner has a similar impact on women's well-being, yet little is known about the prevalence of this type of(More)
BACKGROUND A Tuberculin skin test (TST) survey was conducted to assess the prevalence of latent TB Infection (LTBI) and to estimate the annual risk of M. tuberculosis infection (ARTI) in Gambian school children. The results are expected to contribute to understanding of Tuberculosis epidemiology in The Gambia. METHODS This was a nationwide, multi-cluster(More)
BACKGROUND Removal of a thin but long foreign body lodged in the deep brain tissue may need special technique to remove it without causing major injury. We report a special technique for the safe, elective removal of such objects. CASE DESCRIPTION A 5-year-old boy presented following mild head trauma; he was asymptomatic and physical examination revealed(More)
The ensuing ultrastructural changes in tumor vascular endothelial cells following intra-arterial administration of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha) were studied in an experimental rat glioma model. C6 glioma cells were implanted in Wistar rats and then after 14 days, 5 x 10(3) U of human natural-type TNFalpha (1.7 x 10(5) U/m2) was administered(More)