A. K. Grover

Learn More
Silver has been shown to be extremely toxic to freshwater teleosts, acting to inhibit Na(+) uptake at the gills, due to the inactivation of branchial Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase activity. However, the gills are also a route by which silver may enter the fish. Therefore, this study focuses on the mechanism of transport of this nonessential metal across the basolateral(More)
Plasma membrane (PM) Ca2+ pump is a Ca+-Mg2+-ATPase that expels Ca2+ from cells to help them maintain low concentrations of cytosolic Ca2+ . There are no known extracellularly acting PM Ca2+ pump inhibitors, as digoxin and ouabain are for Na+ pump. In analogy with digoxin, we define caloxins as extracellular PM Ca2+ pump inhibitors and describe caloxin 2A1.(More)
We examined the effects of peroxide on the sarco(endo)plasmic reticulum Ca2+ (SERCA) pump in pig coronary artery endothelium and smooth muscle at three organizational levels: Ca2+ transport in permeabilized cells, cytosolic Ca2+ concentration in intact cells, and contractile function of artery rings. We monitored the ATP-dependent, azide-insensitive,(More)
Phage display is the technology that allows expression of exogenous (poly)peptides on the surface of phage particles. The concept is simple in principle: a library of phage particles expressing a wide diversity of peptides is used to select those that bind the desired target. The filamentous phage M13 is the most commonly used vector to create random(More)
The sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+ pump in membranes isolated from arterial smooth muscle is damaged by reactive oxygen species (ROS). Because angiotensin II (ANG II) contracts arterial smooth muscle by mobilizing intracellular Ca2+ concentrations ([Ca2+])i, we determined the effects of ROS pretreatment on ANG II-induced contractions in coronary artery(More)
Pig coronary artery rings denuded of endothelium contract to the vasoactive hormone angiotensin II (Ang II). The nature of Ang II receptors and their Ca(2+)-pool utilization were examined for contraction of the artery rings and for increase in ultracellular [Ca2+] ([Ca2+]i) in smooth muscle cells cultured from them. Ang II contracted the arteries (EC50 = 7(More)
Mobilization of endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ is pivotal to the ability of a cell to send or respond to stimuli. Ca(2+)-Mg(2+)-ATPases, termed SERCA pumps, sequester Ca2+ into the sarco/endoplasmic reticulum. There are several SERCA protein isoforms encoded by three genes. This paper summarizes the structure, function, tissue and subcellular distribution, and(More)
Although smooth muscle and endothelial cells in pig coronary artery are morphologically and functionally distinct, ascorbate uptake has been characterized only in smooth muscle cells. Ascorbate transporters in kidney and intestinal epithelial cells differ from those in smooth muscle. We examined ascorbate transport and mRNA expression of sodium-dependent(More)
Cyclopiazonic acid contracts pig coronary artery de-endothelialized rings, and pretreating the rings with hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) inhibits this contraction (IC(50)=0.097+/-0.013 mM). We used the cyclopiazonic acid contraction to test the novel hypothesis that endothelium can protect underlying smooth muscle against luminal H(2)O(2). We perfused the(More)
1.--The addition of Ca(2+) ionophore A23187 or ATP to freshly isolated or cultured pig coronary artery endothelial cells (PCEC) potentiated the release of ascorbate (Asc). Cultured PCEC were used to characterize the Ca(2+)-mediated release. An increase in Ca(2+)-mediated Asc release was observed from PCEC preincubated with Asc, Asc-2-phosphate or(More)