A. K. Grekhova

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Diagnostic imaging delivering low doses of radiation often accompany human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs)-based therapies. However, effects of low dose radiation on MSCs are poorly characterized. Here we examine patterns of phosphorylated histone H2AX (γH2AX) and phospho-S1981 ATM (pATM) foci formation in human gingiva-derived MSCs exposed to X-rays in(More)
Molecular and cellular responses to protracted ionizing radiation exposures are poorly understood. Using immunofluorescence microscopy, we studied the kinetics of DNA repair foci formation in normal human fibroblasts exposed to X-rays at a dose rate of 4.5 mGy/min for up to 6 h. We showed that both the number of γH2AX foci and their integral fluorescence(More)
A comparative study on the genotoxic activity of cisplatin versus morfozol, the first representative of a new class of cation-anion complexes of palladium [AH]2[PdCl4] (where A-methylmorpholine) has been performed using human lymphocytes in vitro. The results of the DNA-DNA cross-linking activity investigations showed that both compounds studied exhibited(More)
Expansion of mesenchymal stromal/stem cells (MSCs) used in clinical practices may be associated with accumulation of genetic instability. Understanding temporal and mechanistic aspects of this process is important for improving stem cell therapy protocols. We used γH2AX foci as a marker of a genetic instability event and quantified it in MSCs that undergone(More)
At high exposure levels ionizing radiation is a carcinogen. Little is known about how human stem cells, which are known to contribute to tumorigenesis, respond to prolonged radiation exposures. We studied formation of DNA double strand breaks, accessed as γH2AX and 53BP1 foci, in human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) exposed to either acute (5400 mGy/h) or(More)
Mechanisms underlying the effects of low-dose ionizing radiation (IR) exposure (10-100 mGy) remain unknown. Here we present a comparative study of early (less than 24h) and delayed (up to 11 post-irradiation passages) radiation effects caused by low (80 mGy) vs intermediate (1000 mGy) dose X-ray exposure in cultured human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells(More)
We showed that injection of IL-1β (Betaleukin) in a dose of 3 μg/kg 22 h before prolonged (21 h) exposure to low-intensity (10 mGy/min) γ-radiation in a dose of 12.6 Gy reduced the number of double-strand DNA breaks in murine spleen cells to the control level in 4 months after exposure and the number of double-strand DNA breaks induced by additional acute(More)
The study revealed a two-fold elevation of ROS production in peripheral blood lymphocytes of the patients with prostate cancer (from 0.48±0.04 to 0.93±0.12 rel. units) together with significant variability of individual values. Hormone therapy had no effect on the mean and individual ROS levels. In contrast, organometallic cytostatics cisplatin and morfozol(More)
It was shown that the kinetics of changes of γH2AX foci number (marker of DNA double-strand breaks) in human skin fibroblasts after exposure to low doses of X-ray radiation (20, 40 and 80 mGy) differs from that observed after exposure to medium-low doses (160 and 240 mGy). After exposure to 160 and 240 mGy the highest number of γH2AX foci was detected at 30(More)
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