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Six adult epileptic patients underwent rapid-rate transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) at stimulation rates of up to 25 Hz with an 11-cm water-cooled round coil held flat on the scalp, centered over 15 different positions on each side of the scalp. The trains of stimuli were for 10 seconds while the patients counted aloud. rTMS centered over D5 or D7(More)
Most animal studies have failed to demonstrate pathologic changes in the brain after transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). Nevertheless, vacuolar lesions in the cortex of rats after TMS have been reported. We report the first histopathologic studies of human brains after TMS in 2 patients with epilepsy who underwent temporal lobectomies. They had been(More)
Ninety-eight of 945 patients admitted to Hennepin County Medical Center with acute medical complications of cocaine intoxication presented with seizures within 90 min of cocaine ingestion. Cocaine-related seizures were most frequently single, generalized convulsions, and these individuals all had normal cranial CT and EEG. Of the 945 patients, 18.4% of the(More)
We compared cranial CTs of 35 habitual cocaine abusers, 16 self-reported 1st-time users, and 54 headache patients using linear planimetric measures. All patients met the following criteria: age 20 to 40 years, no polydrug abuse (including alcohol), HIV seronegativity, normal albumin level, and no history of any other neurologic disease. The sex ratios and(More)
The purpose of the study was to determine the extent to which a temporal resection may be undertaken without producing risk to temporal language areas. Patients undergoing craniotomy and placement of a subdural electrode array (SEA) for evaluation of intractable epilepsy were studied to determine the variability of distance of temporal language cortex from(More)
We review and expand the results of several previously published studies on computed tomographic and electroencephalographic correlates of chronic, habitual cocaine abuse in order to present a complete spectrum of the longterm neurological complications of cocaine abuse. We argue that prolonged and frequent cocaine abuse leads to biochemical and vascular(More)
Kindling has been suggested as a possible mechanism for cocaine-induced seizures in chronic cocaine abusers, even though no convincing examples have been reported. We report a 37-year-old woman who initially experienced generalized tonic-clonic seizures (GTC) only immediately after "crack" use. She had a normal examination, negative family or past history(More)
We studied the effects of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) applied in trains of 8- to 25-Hz stimuli on electroencephalographic epileptiform activity on eight patients being evaluated for epilepsy surgery. We performed the stimulation with a round water-cooled stimulation coil held flat on the scalp and centered over different positions of the(More)
The aim of this paper was to evaluate the outcome and the factors predictive for a good prognosis of resective surgery for intractable partial epilepsy guided by subdural electrode arrays (SEA's) and operative electrocorticography. Sixty-four patients, aged 8-52 years, were evaluated with chronic SEAs in order to record interictal and ictal activity and(More)
The records of 21 patients admitted to hospital from January 1985 to December 1988 for acute headache associated with cocaine intoxication were reviewed. Fifteen patients were identified who experienced headaches with migrainous features in the absence of neurological or systemic complications. None of them had a history of cocaine-unrelated headaches or a(More)