A. K. Clarke

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The identity and scope of chloroplast and mitochondrial proteases in higher plants has only started to become apparent in recent years. Biochemical and molecular studies suggested the existence of Clp, FtsH, and DegP proteases in chloroplasts, and a Lon protease in mitochondria, although currently the full extent of their role in organellar biogenesis and(More)
In contrast with the model Escherichia coli Clp protease, the ATP-dependent Clp protease in higher plants has a remarkably diverse proteolytic core consisting of multiple ClpP and ClpR paralogs, presumably arranged within a dual heptameric ring structure. Using antisense lines for the nucleus-encoded ClpP subunit, ClpP6, we show that the Arabidopsis(More)
HSP100 proteins are molecular chaperones that belong to the broader family of AAA+ proteins (ATPases associated with a variety of cellular activities) known to promote protein unfolding, disassembly of protein complexes and translocation of proteins across membranes. The ClpC form of HSP100 is an essential, highly conserved, constitutively expressed protein(More)
Flowering at the appropriate time is crucial for reproductive success and is strongly influenced by various pathways such as photoperiod, circadian clock, FRIGIDA and vernalization. Although each separate pathway has been extensively studied, much less is known about the interactions between them. In this study we have investigated the relationship between(More)
Synechococcus sp. strain PCC 7942 has a second clpB gene that encodes a 97-kDa protein with novel features. ClpBII is the first ClpB not induced by heat shock or other stresses; it is instead an essential, constitutive protein. ClpBII is unable to complement ClpBI function for acquired thermotolerance. No truncated ClpBII version is normally produced,(More)
The Clp protease is conserved among eubacteria and most eukaryotes, and uses ATP to drive protein substrate unfolding and translocation into a chamber of sequestered proteolytic active sites. To investigate the proteolytic core of the ClpXP1/P2 protease from the cyanobacterium Synechococcus elongatus we have used a non-denaturing mass spectrometry approach.(More)
Phosphate is an essential nutrient. In most soils it is limiting, which has resulted in that phosphate is supplied as fertilizer to increase crop yield. Through evolution, plants have adapted several mechanisms to increase phosphate uptake from the soil and to household with acquired phosphate. A recent discovered house-holding mechanism is that plants(More)
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