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The majority of renal neoplasms can be distinguished on the basis of histologic examination alone; however, there are morphologic similarities between clear cell renal carcinoma and chromophobe cell carcinoma, as well as between the granular/eosinophilic variants of these tumors and renal oncocytoma. Only a limited number of histochemical markers are(More)
BACKGROUND Differentiating gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) from other intramural mesenchymal tumors of the GI tract on fine-needle aspiration biopsies (FNABs) is difficult. Recent studies have shown that GISTs are immunophenotypically and genetically distinct. GISTs exhibit consistent immunohistochemical expression of CD-117 (KIT) and often express(More)
Samples of colorectal carcinoma, adenoma and normal colorectal mucosa were examined for the expression of TGF-beta by immunohistochemistry. Immunoreactivity for TGF-beta was present in 52 out of a total of 58 samples of normal mucosa examined. In adenomas and carcinomas TGF-beta expression was observed in eight out of ten and 46 out of 48 samples(More)
Multiparameter flow cytometry analysis and specific cluster differentiation (CD) molecules were used to determine the expression profiles of B- and T-cell antigens on lymph node preparations from 59 dogs with generalized or multisystemic lymphoma. Lymph node samples from 11 healthy dogs were labeled to validate the specificity of antibodies and to formulate(More)
BACKGROUND Canine T-cell lymphoma (TCL) is clinically and histologically heterogeneous with some forms, such as T-zone lymphoma (TZL), having an indolent course. Immunophenotyping is an important tool in the classification of TCL in people, and can be equally useful in dogs. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES We hypothesized that loss of expression of the CD45 antigen(More)
OBJECTIVES HIV and antiretroviral (ART) exposure in utero may have deleterious effects on the infant, but uncertainty still exists. The objective of this study was to evaluate aspects of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) content, mitochondrial function and oxidative stress simultaneously in placenta, umbilical cord blood and infant blood in HIV/ART-exposed infants(More)
Myofibroblast cells, involved with collagen production, bridge incisional sites after two filtration operations. These spindle-shaped cells appeared as early as the seventh postoperative day and progressively developed through day 14. Later reparative stages were characterized by collagen production, though myofibroblast were strikingly absent after day 14.(More)
BACKGROUND Canine T-cell lymphoma (TCL) is conventionally considered an aggressive disease, but some forms are histologically and clinically indolent. CD4 TCL is reported to be the most common subtype of TCL. We assessed flow cytometric characteristics, histologic features when available, and clinical outcomes of CD4+ TCL to determine if flow cytometry can(More)
BACKGROUND Nonresectable mast cell tumors (MCT) in dogs remain a therapeutic challenge, and investigation of novel combination therapies is warranted. Intermittent administration of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) combined with cytotoxic chemotherapy may effectively chemosensitize canine MCT while decreasing cost and adverse effects associated with either(More)
BACKGROUND B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) is the most common hematopoietic malignancy in humans in the developed world and the primary risk factor is genetic. Dogs also develop B-CLL, but there is no systematic description of the disease in dogs. Understanding the epidemiology of B-CLL in dogs may help practitioners recognize the disease and(More)