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Histone acetylation is important in chromatin remodelling and gene activation. Nearly all known histone-acetyltransferase (HAT)-associated transcriptional co-activators contain bromodomains, which are approximately 110-amino-acid modules found in many chromatin-associated proteins. Despite the wide occurrence of these bromodomains, their three-dimensional(More)
During the development of multicellular organisms, gene expression must be tightly regulated, both spatially and temporally. One set of transcription factors that are important in animal development is encoded by the homeotic (Hox) genes, which govern the choice between alternative developmental pathways along the anterior-posterior axis. Hox proteins, such(More)
The repressors of temperate bacteriophages such as 434 and lambda control transcription by binding to a set of DNA operator sites. The different affinity of repressor for each of these sites ensures efficient regulation. High-resolution x-ray crystallography was used to study the DNA-binding domain of phage 434 repressor in complex with a synthetic DNA(More)
The crystal structure of restriction endonuclease Bam HI complexed to DNA has been determined at 2.2 angstrom resolution. The DNA binds in the cleft and retains a B-DNA type of conformation. The enzyme, however, undergoes a series of conformational changes, including rotation of subunits and folding of disordered regions. The most striking conformational(More)
Investigation of the large POU domain family of developmental regulators has revealed a molecular mechanism by which highly related transcription factors sharing common DNA-binding motifs act to functionally discriminate their cognate DNA sequences. Studies of two classes of neuron-specific POU domain factors (III and IV) indicate that functional(More)
FokI is a member of an unusual class of bipartite restriction enzymes that recognize a specific DNA sequence and cleave DNA nonspecifically a short distance away from that sequence. Because of its unusual bipartite nature, FokI has been used to create artificial enzymes with new specificities. We have determined the crystal structure at 2.8A resolution of(More)
Type II restriction endonucleases are characterized by the remarkable specificity with which they cleave specific DNA sequences. Surprisingly, their protein sequences are in most cases unrelated, and no recurring structural motif has yet been identified. We have determined the structure of restriction endonuclease BamHI at 1.95 A resolution. BamHI shows(More)
absTraCT In this article the authors offer a faculty perspective on desirable features of a Course Management System (CMS). This article is the result of our Web teaching experiences over a period of eight years using three different CMS platforms. The authors anticipate that this article could help guide software developers in developing appropriate CMS(More)
POU-domain proteins, such as the pituitary-specific factor Pit-1, are members of the homeodomain family of proteins which are important in development and homeostasis, acting constitutively or in response to signal-transduction pathways to either repress or activate the expression of specific genes. Here we show that whereas homeodomain-containing(More)
The family of interferon regulatory factor (IRF) transcription factors is important in the regulation of interferons in response to infection by virus and in the regulation of interferon-inducible genes. The IRF family is characterized by a unique 'tryptophan cluster' DNA-binding region. Here we report the crystal structure of the IRF-1 region bound to the(More)