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Venous malformations (VMs), the most common errors of vascular morphogenesis in humans, are composed of dilated, serpiginous channels. The walls of the channels have a variable thickness of smooth muscle; some mural regions lack smooth muscle altogether. A missense mutation resulting in an arginine-to-tryptophan substitution at position 849 in the kinase(More)
Despite numerous recent advances in our understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying receptor tyrosine kinase down-regulation and degradation in response to growth factor binding, relatively little is known about ligand-independent receptor tyrosine kinase degradation mechanisms. In a screen for proteins that might regulate the trafficking or(More)
ErbB3 is a member of the epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor subfamily of receptor tyrosine kinases and is believed to be a receptor for an unknown ligand. We have tested the possibility that heregulin, a growth factor possessing an EGF-like domain, is a ligand for ErbB3. We have found that the iodinated recombinant EGF-like domain of heregulin-beta 1(More)
The epidermal growth factor (EGF)-like family of growth factors elicits cellular responses by stimulating the dimerization, autophosphorylation, and tyrosine kinase activities of the ErbB family of receptor tyrosine kinases. Although several different EGF-like ligands are capable of binding to a single ErbB family member, it is generally thought that the(More)
Heregulin (HRG) is a pluripotent growth factor that can stimulate the growth of some human mammary tumor cells and the differentiation of others. Two members of the epidermal growth factor receptor family of receptor/tyrosine kinases, p180erbB3 and p180erbB4, serve as receptors for the HRG ligand. While HRG appears to be capable of stimulating the(More)
The mechanisms by which receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) utilize intracellular signaling pathways to direct gene expression and cellular response remain unclear. A current question is whether different RTKs within a single cell target similar or different sets of genes. In this study we have used the ErbB receptor network to explore the relationship between(More)
The HER-2/erbB-2/c-neu proto-oncogene encodes for an EGF receptor-like protein which has been implicated in the pathogenesis of several human malignancies. Although much has been learned about the physiological significance of this receptor tyrosine kinase, its catalytic mechanism remains poorly understood. We have expressed, purified, and characterized two(More)
This contribution, which serves as the lead article for the Research Topic entitled "From Meaning of Working to Meaningful Lives: The Challenges of Expanding Decent Work," explores current challenges in the development and operationalization of decent work. Based on an initiative from the International Labor Organization [ILO] (1999) decent work represents(More)
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