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Neurons located in the ventromedial globus pallidus (nucleus basalis) and substantia innominata, that were antidromically driven by electrical stimulation of the frontoparietal cortex, were recorded in the urethane anesthetized rat. The basalocortical neurons (BCNs) were antidromically driven with latencies of 1.1-13.5 ms, giving conduction velocities of(More)
Septo-hippocampal neurons (SHNs) were recorded from the medial septum-diagonal band area of rats anaesthetized with either urethane or fluothane. They were identified by their antidromic response to the electrical stimulation of the fimbria. Their responses to peripheral somatic noxious and non-noxious stimulation were studied. Non-noxious natural(More)
Markov-modulated models for equity prices have recently been extensively studied in the literature. In this paper, we apply some old results on the Wiener–Hopf factorization of Markov processes to a range of option-pricing problems for such models. The first example is the perpetual American put, where the exact (numerical) solution is obtained without(More)
Medial septal-nucleus of the diagonal band of Broca area (MS-nDBB) neurons, identified by their antidromic response to the electrical stimulation of the fimbria and/or hippocampus, were studied in the rat under various conditions of anesthesia. These septo-hippocampal neurons (SHNs) were classified into 4 groups on the basis of: (i) their antidromic(More)
This paper approaches the definition and properties of dynamic convex risk measures through the notion of a family of concave valuation operators satisfying certain simple and credible axioms. Exploring these in the simplest context of a finite time set and finite sample space, we find natural risk-transfer and time-consistency properties for a firm seeking(More)
The properties of cortical cerebral neurons have been studied and compared in 2, 22 and 26 month-old Sprague-Dawley rats, using electrophysiological techniques. The mean spontaneous activity of the neurons in old animals (unidentified as well as pyramidal tract neurons) was not different from that of young adult rats. In contrast the mean latency of the(More)
The effects of the microiontophoretic application of five different peptides (cholecystokinin octapeptide sulfated form, cholecystokinin octapeptide non-sulfated form, vasoactive intestinal polypeptide, angiotensin-II and substance P) on cortical neurons were studied in rats anaesthetized with urethane. Vertical electrode penetrations were made in the first(More)
1. Glutamate, acetylcholine (ACh), and bicuculline were delivered by iontophoretic pipettes to the 545 neurons described in the preceding paper. Their response properties were examined to determine the effect of these compounds on the behavior of neurons in rat somatosensory cortex. 2. The responses to glutamate covered a broad range. Some cells were(More)
Neurons located in the medial septum-nucleus of the diagonal band (vertical limb) area and antidromically activated by electrical stimulation of the fimbria were recorded in urethane anesthetized rats. Forty-five percent of these septo-hippocampal neurons (SHNs) discharged rhythmically in short bursts (mean burst frequency, 4 Hz). They were antidromically(More)
In vivo intracellular recordings were obtained from septohippocampal neurons identified by their antidromic response to electrical stimulation of the fimbria in rats anesthetized with pentobarbital or urethane. Beside the antidromic response, fimbria stimulation evoked a short-latency depolarizing potential (EPSP) followed by an hyperpolarizing potential(More)