A. Jeroen Verheul

Learn More
The toxicity of homologous series of organic solvents has been investigated for the gram-positive bacteria, Arthrobacter sp. and Nocardia sp., and the gram-negative bacteria, Acinetobacter sp. and Pseudomonas sp. The hydrophobicity of the solvent, expressed by its logP(octanol), proves to be a good measure for the toxicity of solvents in a two-phase system.(More)
The natural variation in the susceptibilities of gram-positive bacteria towards the bacteriocins nisin and pediocin PA-1 is considerable. This study addresses the factors associated with this variability for closely related lactic acid bacteria. We compared two sets of nonbacteriocinogenic strains for which the MICs of nisin and pediocin PA-1 differed 100-(More)
The naturally occurring compatible solutes betaine and L-carnitine allow the food-borne pathogen Listeria monocytogenes to adjust to environments of high osmotic strength. Previously, it was demonstrated that L. monocytogenes possesses an ATP-dependent L-carnitine transporter (A. Verheul, F. M. Rombouts, R. R. Beumer, and T. Abee, J. Bacteriol.(More)
Exogenously provided carnitine (beta-hydroxy-L-tau-N-trimethyl aminobutyrate) was found to stimulate aerobic growth of enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7 in a medium of inhibitory osmotic strength. Its osmoprotective ability is comparable with that of betaine. As carnitine is an important compound in mammalian tissues, it is suggested that it might(More)
Listeria monocytogenes is a gram-positive, psychotrophic, food-borne pathogen which is able to grow in osmotically stressful environments. Carnitine (beta-hydroxy-L-tau-N-trimethyl aminobutyrate) can contribute significantly to growth of L. monocytogenes at high osmolarity (R. R. Beumer, M. C. te Giffel, L. J. Cox, F. M. Rombouts, and T. Abee, Appl.(More)
The growth of Listeria monocytogenes ATCC 23074 in defined medium is sensitive to high osmolarity when compared with its growth in complex media, such as brain heart infusion (BHI). The two major contributors to this difference in growth rate are the availability in BHI of the osmoprotectant glycine betaine and peptides. Peptone plays two major roles:(More)
Listeria monocytogenes takes up di- and tripeptides via a proton motive force-dependent carrier protein. This peptide transport system resembles the recently cloned and sequenced secondary di- and tripeptide transport system of Lactococcus lactis (A. Hagting, E. R. S. Kunji, K. J. Leenhouts, B. Poolman, and W. N. Konings, J. Biol. Chem. 269:11391-11399,(More)
Combinations of lactococcal strains from various origins with divers properties were developed as new starters for new dairy products. Flavour formation by such tailor-made cultures was studied. In some cases, a strongly enhanced flavour was observed. For instance, the combination of B1157 and SK110 strains in milk resulted in a very strong chocolate-like(More)
A nisin-resistant (NISr) variant of Listeria monocytogenes Scott A was isolated by stepwise exposure to increasing concentrations of nisin in brain heart infusion (BHI) broth. The NISr strain was about 12 times more resistant to nisin than was the wild-type (WT) strain. Accordingly, higher nisin concentrations were required to dissipate both components of(More)