A. Jalaja Varma

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The strain of Penicillium janthinellum NCIM 1171 was subjected to mutation involving treatment of Ethyl Methyl Sulfonate (EMS) for 24h followed by UV-irradiation for 3min. Successive mutants showed enhanced cellulase production (EMS-UV-8), clearance zone on Avicel containing plate (SM2) and rapid growth on Walseth cellulose agar plates containing 0.2%(More)
A thermotolerant yeast capable of fermenting xylose to xylitol at 40°C was isolated and identified as a strain of Debaryomyces hansenii by ITS sequencing. This paper reports the production of xylitol from D-xylose and sugarcane bagasse hemicellulose by free and Ca-alginate immobilized cells of D. hansenii. The efficiency of free and immobilized cells were(More)
The cellulase production by P. janthinellum mutants on lignocellulosic material such as cellulose or steam exploded bagasse (SEB) in combination with wheat bran was studied in solid state fermentation (SSF). One of the mutants, EU2D21, produced the highest levels of endoglucanase (3710 IU g carbon source) and β-glucosidase (155 IU g carbon source). Ionic(More)
A hypothesis was developed, and successfully tested, to greatly increase the rates of biodegradation of polyolefins, by anchoring minute quantities of glucose, sucrose or lactose, onto functionalized polystyrene (polystyrene-co-maleic anhydride copolymer) and measuring their rates of biodegradation, which were found to be significantly improved.
A complete cellulase from Penicillium pinophilum was evaluated for the hydrolysis of alpha-cellulose derived from steam exploded sugarcane bagasse and other cellulosic substrates. Alpha-cellulose at 1% substrate concentration was completely hydrolyzed by Penicillium cellulase within 3h wherein at 10% the hydrolysis was 100% within 24 h with an enzyme(More)
Oxidized cellulose containing carboxyl and aldehyde functional groups represent an important class of cellulose derivatives. In this study effect of incrementally increasing COOH and CHO groups at C2, C3, and C6 positions of cellulose and nanocellulose has been investigated, with a view to understanding their effect on thermal treatment of cellulose. The(More)
Bullous skin lesions that indicate sweat gland necrosis have been known to occur in drug-induced coma resulting from barbiturates and in carbon monoxide poisoning. To our knowledge, this is the first cases in which diazepam is implicated in causing bullous lesions over pressure points, and the first case showing on biopsy specimen eccrine sweat gland and(More)
This paper investigates the behavior of crosslinked chitosans and metal-complexed crosslinked chitosans under similar hydrolytic conditions. Crosslinked chitosans with trimellitic anhydride, diisocyanatohexane, and dibromodecane as crosslinking agents under heterogenous reaction conditions were used as metal complexing agents by equilibrating them with(More)
Oxidized celluloses have been used for decades as antimicrobial wound gauzes and surgical cotton. We now report the successful synthesis of a next generation narrow size range (25-35nm) spherical shaped nanoparticles of 2,3,6-tricarboxycellulose based on cellulose I structural features, for applications as new antimicrobial materials. This study adds to our(More)
Lithium ion batteries (LIB) are the most promising energy storage systems for portable electronics and future electric or hybrid-electric vehicles. However making them safer, cost effective and environment friendly is the key challenge. In this regard, replacing petro-derived materials by introducing renewable biomass derived cellulose derivatives and(More)