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In plants and in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans, an RNAi signal can trigger gene silencing in cells distant from the site where silencing is initiated. In plants, this signal is known to be a form of dsRNA, and the signal is most likely a form of dsRNA in C. elegans as well. Furthermore, in C. elegans, dsRNA present in the environment or expressed in(More)
Unique mechanisms are used to orient cell division planes in plants. A cortical ring of cytoskeletal filaments called the preprophase band (PPB) predicts the future division plane during G2 and is disassembled as the mitotic spindle forms, leaving behind a 'cortical division site' (CDS) that guides the placement of the new cell wall (cell plate) during(More)
In plants, cell wall placement during cytokinesis is determined by the position of the preprophase band (PPB) and the subsequent expansion of the phragmoplast, which deposits the new cell wall, to the cortical division site delineated by the PPB. New cell walls are often incorrectly oriented during asymmetric cell divisions in the leaf epidermis of maize(More)
The early Caenorhabditis elegans embryo contains abundant transcripts for two alpha- and two beta-tubulins, raising the question of whether each isoform performs specialized functions or simply contributes to total tubulin levels. Our identification of two recessive, complementing alleles of a beta-tubulin that disrupt nuclear-centrosome centration and(More)
Plant cell cortical microtubule arrays attain a high degree of order without the benefit of an organizing center such as a centrosome. New assays for molecular behaviors in living cells and gene discovery are yielding insight into the mechanisms by which acentrosomal microtubule arrays are created and organized, and how microtubule organization functions to(More)
The impact of dietary fat on postprandial metabolic biomarkers for obesity-related chronic diseases, such as type-2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease, has received significant recent attention. However, there is no standard method to evaluate the postprandial response to dietary fat alone. Our goals were to develop a novel oral fat tolerance test (OFTT)(More)
In the nematode C. elegans, RNAi silencing signals are efficiently taken up from the environment and transported between cells and tissues. Previous studies implicating endosomal proteins in systemic RNAi lack conclusive evidence. Here, we report the identification and characterization of SID-5, a C. elegans endosome-associated protein that is required for(More)
We assess the performance of a CMOS camera for the measurement of particle position within optical tweezers and the associated autocorrelation function and power spectrum. Measurement of the displacement of the particle from the trap center can also be related to the applied force. By considering the Allan variance of these measurements, we show that such(More)
We report the use of adaptive optics with coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) microscopy for label-free deep tissue imaging based on molecular vibrational spectroscopy. The setup employs a deformable membrane mirror and a random search optimization algorithm to improve signal intensity and image quality at large sample depths. We demonstrate the(More)
Chemical and enzymatic interesterification are used to create spreadable fats. However, a comparison between the two processes in terms of their acute metabolic effects has not yet been investigated. A randomised crossover study in obese (plasma TAG > 1.69 mmol/L, and BMI > 30 (BMI = kg/m(2)) or waist circumference > 102 cm, n = 11, age = 59.3 +/- 1.8(More)