A. J. Verbout

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The literature on the early embryonic development of the vertebral column in various animal species was analyzed to evaluate so many unrelated or contradictory observations. The recurring problems are described. One of the first was the lack of correspondence between the metameric boundaries of the 'primitive vertebral bodies' arising from the somites and(More)
The complex anatomy of the neonatal hip is often difficult to image. Recently, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been used to evaluate the normal and abnormal neonatal hip. We correlated the MRI scans of the hip of a newborn cadaver with multiplanar cryo-sections stained according to Mallory-Cason, to detail the anatomic structures of the normal hip(More)
Reproducibility of fracture classification systems in general has been a matter of controversy. The reproducibility of spinal fracture classifications has not been sufficiently studied. We studied the inter-observer and intra-observer reproducibility of the Magerl (AO) classification using radiograms, CTs and MRIs of 53 patients. We compared this(More)
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) regulate connective tissue architecture and cell migration through extracellular matrix (ECM) degradation and are associated with both physiological and pathological processes. Although they are known to play a role in skeletal development, little is known about the role of MMPs in intervertebral disc (IVD) development.(More)
Calcium phosphate ceramics, commonly applied as bone graft substitutes, are a natural choice of scaffolding material for bone tissue engineering. Evidence shows that the chemical composition, macroporosity and microporosity of these ceramics influences their behavior as bone graft substitutes and bone tissue engineering scaffolds but little has been done to(More)
Three patients with joint stiffness caused by trauma or infection are reported. The involved joints are the interphalangeal joint of the thumb, patellofemoral joint, and ankle joint. As an alternative for the indicated arthrodesis in these patients, treatment with articulating joint distraction was performed. By use of adapted Ilizarov external ring(More)
BACKGROUND In the search for better surgical treatment of chronic low-back pain (LBP) in the presence of disc degeneration, total disc replacement has received increasing attention in recent years. A possible advantage of total disc replacement compared with fusion is maintained mobility at the operated level, which has been suggested to reduce the chance(More)
BACKGROUND The intervertebral disc (IVD) is dependent on nutrient provision through a cartilage layer with underlying subchondral bone, analogous to joint cartilage. In the joint, subchondral bone remodeling has been associated with osteoarthritis (OA) progression due to compromised nutrient and gas diffusion and reduced structural support of the overlaying(More)
A mainly deductive kinematic model of the human knee is described. The modelling procedure is based upon the application of a four-bar mechanism. Emphasis has been laid upon elucidating the functional anatomical relationship between several morphological characteristics concerning the shape of the articular surfaces and the constellation of the cruciate(More)