A J Tuchman

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Use of cocaine in the USA, has reached epidemic proportions since 1983, when "crack" was introduced, its higher potency compared with cocaine HCl has been associated with a tremendous increase in the incidence of strokes. This study reports our experience with 55 cases of neurovascular events (25 ischemic and 30 hemorrhagic) related to cocaine use in 54(More)
Chronic muscle contraction headache (CMCH) and depression have many features in common. Patients with CMCH respond to antidepressants. We attempted to further elucidate this relationship through the use of the dexamethasone suppression test (DST) pattern of patients suffering from CMCH as well as their response to amitriptyline. Twenty drug-free patients(More)
Rhabomyolysis with myoglobinuria has been added relatively recently to the neurologic complications associated with the increased use of cocaine and the introduction of its alkaloid form (crack). This retrospective study reports our experience with 14 patients who presented with rhabdomyolysis after cocaine use in a municipal hospital over a 3-year period.(More)
Central nervous system involvement occurred in 28 of 121 patients with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). The major risk factor in this AIDS population was intravenous drug abuse (64%). A neurologic symptom or disability was the principal reason for hospitalization in 16 cases (57%). Three patients had primary lymphoma of the brain and the(More)
Nine cases of intracranial hemorrhages related to cocaine usage are presented. Another 5 cases from the literature are reviewed. The relationship between severe cocaine-induced hypertension, and the development of subarachnoid or intracerebral hemorrhages is noted, and apparently is related to sudden transient increases of blood pressure related to cocaine(More)
The incidence of spinal epidural abscess and disk space infection appears to be rising in intravenous drug-using patients. We report 18 cases seen over three years in two municipal hospitals. Staphylococcus aureus was the most common infective agent, but two patients had Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. Computed tomography of the spine facilitates(More)
We have observed an unusual low amplitude, slow and featureless electroencephalogram (EEG) pattern in some human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected patients without focal lesions on computerized tomography (CT scan) of the head. Out of 17 cases, 13 with AIDS and 4 with HIV positive status, 6 had low amplitude EEGs with slowing, all in the AIDS group.(More)
Computer tomography (CT) of the brain is of value for finding potentially correctable lesions in adult patients with new onset seizures. The value of CT is unknown, however, for finding such lesions in adult chronic epileptic patients without prior CT. We compared a group of 177 adult patients who had CT within a year from the onset of seizures to a group(More)