A. J. O'Neill

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Bacteria contain a number of error prevention and error correction systems that maintain genome stability. However, strains exhibiting elevated mutation frequencies have recently been reported amongst natural populations of pathogenic Escherichia coli, Salmonella enterica, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Neisseria meningitidis, Helicobacter pylori and Streptococcus(More)
The primary mechanism of fusidic acid resistance in clinical strains of Staphylococcus aureus involves acquisition of the fusB determinant. The genetic elements(s) responsible are incompletely defined, and the mechanism of resistance is unknown. Here we report the cloning, sequencing and overexpression of a single gene (fusB) from plasmid pUB101 capable of(More)
Chromosomal resistance to mupirocin in clinical isolates of Staphylococcus aureus arises from V(588)F or V(631)F mutations in isoleucyl-tRNA synthetase (IRS). Whether these are the only IRS mutations that confer mupirocin resistance or simply those that survive in the clinic is unknown. Mupirocin-resistant mutants of S. aureus 8325-4 were therefore(More)
Fusidic acid-resistant epidemic Staphylococcus aureus strains causing impetigo bullosa have been reported in Scandinavia. We show that these strains form part of a European epidemic clonotype that carries the fusB determinant. In contrast, resistance to fusidic acid in a collection of nonepidemic strains resulted primarily from mutations in fusA.
Populations defective in mismatch repair that exhibit elevated mutation frequencies to antibiotic resistance have been reported amongst pathogenic Gram-negative bacteria. Whether such mutators occur widely in clinical isolates of Gram-positive species, and in important pathogens such as Staphylococcus aureus, is unknown. Insertional inactivation of the mutS(More)
Resistance to the antibiotic fusidic acid (FA) in the human pathogen Staphylococcus aureus usually results from expression of FusB-type proteins (FusB or FusC). These proteins bind to elongation factor G (EF-G), the target of FA, and rescue translation from FA-mediated inhibition by an unknown mechanism. Here we show that the FusB family are two-domain(More)
The responses of hypermutable Escherichia coli strains to selection with antibiotics having different endogenous resistance potentials were determined. Selections with rifampicin or ciprofloxacin at 4 x MIC, i.e. conditions where they act as single target agents against RpoB and GyrA, respectively, demonstrated that some hypermutators generated resistant(More)
OBJECTIVES Infections caused by Staphylococcus aureus might be treated with agents whose primary indications are for other infections. Clofazimine, an established anti-mycobacterial drug, could be such a candidate. However, the anti-staphylococcal properties of clofazimine have not been fully described and its mode of action, possibly involving inhibition(More)
The antibacterial properties of novel quinoline-indole (QI) agents were examined. QI agents demonstrated potent bactericidal activities against Staphylococcus aureus, killing by lytic and nonlytic mechanisms. S. aureus mutants resistant to a lytic QI agent (SEP 155342) and a nonlytic QI agent (SEP 118843) arose at frequencies of 1.4 x 10(-9) and 1.2 x(More)