A. J. Mulder

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Discontinuous activation of muscle compartments is used to postpone the occurrence of fatigue during both normal activation and artificial stimulation. Periods of force development are interrupted by passive periods during which the muscle can recover. Since it is not known how fatigue parameters depend on intermittent stimulation, we compared fatigue(More)
In this study vibrotactile stimulation of the upper leg and its usability for feedback was tested. Three experiments were performed on ten healthy subjects using pager motors. The first experiment was to test the perception of the vibration at different frequencies and at different locations of the upper leg. The second experiment tested the ability of(More)
Low-level finite state (locked-unlocked) control is compared with open-loop stimulation of the knee extensor muscles in functional electrical stimulation (FES) induced paraplegic standing. The parameters were: duration of standing, relative torque loss in knee extensor muscles, knee angle stability, average stimulus output and average arm effort during(More)
Prey-size selection by the carabid beetle Notiophilus biguttatus F. was studied, using prey belonging to two-size-classes of the spring-tail species Orchesella cincta (L.) (Collembola). The highest values for attack readiness and success ratio of the attacks were obtained for the smaller prey animals. A model for prey-size selection was constructed in which(More)
This study focused on the effects of different enriched environments for mice in a number of behavioral and physiological parameters in 2 routine laboratory testing procedures: potency testing for tetanus vaccine and stress-induced hyperthermia. The variability in the results was studied by calculating and analyzing mean absolute devi-ations. Mice from(More)
Twenty adult surgical patients were anaesthetized with high-dose midazolam and alfentanil by infusion, vecuronium, and intubated and ventilated with 50% N2O in O2. The midazolam and alfentanil infusions were stopped at the end of surgery. Residual neuromuscular blockade and ventilatory depression were antagonized and the patients extubated. In the recovery(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess exposure of commercial application workers to the nematocide cis-1,3-dichloropropene (cis-DCP). METHODS The study was conducted during the annual application season, August to 15 November, in the starch potato growing region in The Netherlands. 14 Application workers collected end of shift urine samples on each fumigation day (n=119).(More)
To assess the effect of procedures on animal welfare, various physiological parameters, such as body weight, hormone levels in plasma and/or urine, heart rate (HR), blood pressure and body temperature (BT), can be used. When measuring physiological parameters with techniques involving restraint of the animals, the results must be interpreted with caution,(More)
Low-levelfinite state (locked-unl&e~ control is compared with open-loop stimulation of the knee extensor muscles in functional eleGtriia1 stimulation (FES) induced paraplegic standing. i%e parameters were: duration of standing, relative torque loss in knee extensor mus&s, knee angle stability, average stimulus output and average arm effort during standing.(More)
The success of FES exercise programmes for training paraplegic muscles at home depends highly upon the availability of reliable, easy-to-use and inexpensive training equipment. For endurance training, FES bicycle exercisers are well accepted. However, they are not suited for home use due to the high expense of commercially available equipment. This paper(More)