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Lipid bilayer membranes are known to form various structures such as large sheets or vesicles. When the two leaflets of the bilayer have an equal composition, the membrane preferentially forms a flat sheet or a spherical vesicle. However, a difference in the composition of the two leaflets may result in a curved bilayer or in a wide variety of vesicle(More)
Self-assembly provides an attractive route to functional organic materials, with properties and hence performance depending sensitively on the organization of the molecular building blocks. Molecular organization is a direct consequence of the pathways involved in the supramolecular assembly process, which is more amenable to detailed study when using(More)
There is a tendency to cool mechanical and electrical components by microchannels. When the channel size decreases, the continuum approach starts to fail and particle based methods should be used. In this paper, a dense gas in micro and nano-channels is modelled by molecular dynamics and Monte Carlo simulations. It is shown that in the limit situation both(More)
We study the properties of a hard-sphere dense gas near the hard walls of micro and nano-channels. Analytical techniques , Monte Carlo (MC) methods and molecular dynamics (MD) simulation methods have been used to characterize the influence of the characteristic parameters such as number density, reduced density, width of the system and molecular diameter,(More)
UNLABELLED Very low calorie diets (VLCD) with and without exercise programs lead to major metabolic improvements in obese type 2 diabetes patients. The mechanisms underlying these improvements have so far not been elucidated fully. To further investigate the mechanisms of a VLCD with or without exercise and to uncover possible biomarkers associated with(More)
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A variety of factors, including changes in temperature or osmotic pressure, can trigger morphological transitions of vesicles. Upon osmotic upshift, water diffuses across the membrane in response to the osmotic difference, resulting in a decreased vesicle volume to membrane area ratio and, consequently, a different shape. In this paper, we study the vesicle(More)
Many biological cellular processes occur at the micro- or millisecond time scale. With traditional all-atom molecular modeling techniques it is difficult to investigate the dynamics of long time scales or large systems, such as protein aggregation or activation. Coarse graining (CG) can be used to reduce the number of degrees of freedom in such a system,(More)
For understanding the behavior of a gas close to a channel wall it is important to model the gas-wall interactions as detailed as possible. When using molecular dynamics simulations these interactions can be modeled explicitly, but the computations are time consuming. Replacing the explicit wall with a wall model reduces the computational time but the same(More)