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Thyroid hormone governs a diverse repertoire of physiological functions through receptors encoded in the receptor genes alpha and beta, which each generate variant proteins. In mammals, the alpha gene generates, in addition to the normal receptor TRalpha1, a non-hormone-binding variant TRalpha2 whose exact function is unclear. Here, we present the phenotype(More)
Elevated serum levels of triglyceride-rich remnant lipoproteins (TRL) are a major risk factor predisposing a subject to atherosclerosis. Apolipoprotein C-III (apoC-III) is a major constituent of TRL that impedes triglyceride hydrolysis and remnant clearance and, as such, may exert pro-atherogenic activities. In the present study, transient cotransfection(More)
The rev-erbA(alpha) gene, belonging to the steroid receptor superfamily of transcription factors, is highly conserved during evolution but little is known so far about its functions in development or in adult physiology. Here, we describe genetically altered mice lacking the rev-erbA(alpha) gene. These animals do not show any obvious phenotype in either fat(More)
Many metabolic processes occur simultaneously in the liver in different locations along the porto-central axis of the liver units. These processes are often regulated by hormones, one of which is thyroid hormone which for its action depends on the presence of the different isoforms of the thyroid hormone receptor (TR). These are encoded by two genes:(More)
The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR), a member of the steroid nuclear receptor superfamily, has been shown to be activated by various compounds such as fibrates, thiazolidinediones, prostaglandins, and fatty acids. Here we demonstrate expression of PPAR in mouse colonic and small intestinal mucosa by Western blot analysis and(More)
TRalpha1 and TRbeta mediate the regulatory effects of T3 and have profound effects on the cardiovascular system. We have analyzed the expression of the cardiac myosin heavy chain (MyHC) genes alpha and beta in mouse strains deficient for one or several TR genes to identify specific regulatory functions of TRalpha1 and TRbeta. The results show that TRalpha1(More)
The chromatin remodelling complex B-WICH, which comprises the William syndrome transcription factor (WSTF), SNF2h, and nuclear myosin 1 (NM1), is involved in regulating rDNA transcription, and SiRNA silencing of WSTF leads to a reduced level of 45S pre-rRNA. The mechanism behind the action of B-WICH is unclear. Here, we show that the B-WICH complex affects(More)
AIMS The reduced heart rate and prolonged QT(end) duration in mice deficient in thyroid hormone receptor (TR) alpha1 may involve aberrant expression of the K(+) channel alpha-subunit KCNQ1 and its regulatory beta-subunit KCNE1. Here we focus on KCNE1 and study whether increased KCNE1 expression can explain changes in cardiac function observed in(More)
severely blunted in the adult heart in response to pressure overload, activated calcineurin, or hypo-thyroidism, suggesting that the pathways through which these stimuli induce bMHC transcription share a common miR-208–sensitive component (Fig. 6). In contrast, bMHC expression was unaltered in the hearts of newborn miR-208 −/− mice, demonstrating that(More)
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