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Widespread use of DNA restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) to differentiate strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis to monitor the transmission of tuberculosis has been hampered by the need to culture this slow-growing organism and by the level of technical sophistication needed for RFLP typing. We have developed a simple method which allows(More)
Monoclonal antibodies were raised against the mt- sexual agglutinin of Chlamydomonas eugametos gametes. Those that blocked the agglutination site were selected. They were divided into two classes dependent upon whether they gave a weak (class A) or clear positive (class B) reaction with mt- flagellar membranes in an ELISA and an indirect immunofluorescence(More)
Crossed immunoelectrophoresis (CIE) has been used to develop a reference system for classifying mycobacterial antigens. The subsequent use of specific antibodies allowed further determination of antigens by molecular weight. The monoclonal antibody F126-2, originally raised against a 34-kDa antigen of Mycobacterium kansasii, reacted with antigen 84 (Ag84)(More)
As a result of DNA typing of Mycobacterium microti isolates from animals in the United Kingdom and The Netherlands, we diagnosed four human M. microti infections. These are the first M. microti infections among humans to be reported. Three of the patients were immunocompromised and suffered from generalized forms of tuberculosis. The fourth patient was a(More)
A method of swelling spermatozoa and other cells, which leads to the exposure of nuclear antigens is described. By applying the indirect IFT on these swollen cells with sera containing antibodies to nuclear antigens, and by comparing the results to those obtained in other tests (measuring anti-nuclear antibodies), the following conclusions could be drawn:(More)
Human spermatozoa were solubilized by treatment with urea/guanidine and fractionated by ion-exchange chromatography with Bio-Rex 70 resin. Four fractions were obtained. The acidic proteins pass unretarded, whereas the moderately basic and two strongly basic protein fractions are eluted by means of guanidine gradients. The main protein components of the(More)
A simple and economical direct agglutination test for the detection of visceral leishmaniasis is described. Trypsin-treated, Coomassie Brilliant Blue-stained, formalin-preserved promastigotes were used as antigen in re-usable V-well microtitre plates. In 21 patients with recent kala-azar, titres of 1:51200 or higher were found. Cured kala-azar patients(More)
IFN-gamma responses to Mycobacterium tuberculosis antigens ESAT-6 and CFP-10 have been proposed as specific markers of M. tuberculosis infection. Monokine induced by gamma interferon (MIG/CXCL9) has been shown to be expressed by IFN-gamma stimulated mononuclear cells and to attract activated T-cells through the chemokine receptor CXCR3. Since MIG is induced(More)
Eight monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) directed against the 14,000-molecular-weight (14K) antigen of Mycobacterium tuberculosis reacted specifically with mycobacteria of the M. tuberculosis complex. The nucleotide sequence of the gene encoding the 14K antigen was determined by using recombinant DNA clones isolated from lambda gt11 and cosmid libraries of the M.(More)
The serovars of the Pomona group of Leptospira interrogans are antigenically closely related and can be classified only with difficulty by conventional typing methods. Monoclonal antibodies (MCAs) were prepared to serovars of the Pomona group. The MCAs were directed against antigens of polysaccharide nature. A battery of six MCAs was selected for the(More)