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flow) that may have promoted the propagation of the CLSC to replace this system. Spreading in the Lau back-arc basin is at present well-organized, as at mid-ocean ridges, but, as we have shown, the supply of magma is modulated by mantle wedge compositional controls and arc melt additions. Similar controls are indicated in the Mariana trough, even though the(More)
The bias voltage applied to a weakly coupled n-doped GaAs/AlAs superlattice increases the amplitude of the coherent hypersound oscillations generated by a femtosecond optical pulse. This bias-induced amplitude increase and experimentally observed spectral narrowing of the superlattice phonon mode with a frequency 441 GHz provides the evidence for hypersound(More)
Driven primarily by scientific curiosity, but also by the potential applications of intense sources of coherent sound, researchers have targeted the phonon laser (saser) since the invention of the optical laser over 50 years ago. Here we fabricate a vertical cavity structure designed to operate as a saser oscillator device at a frequency of 325 GHz. It is(More)
erties, and thus leads to questions about the unconditional use of Darcy’s Law for multiphase flow probPore-scale multiphase flow experiments were developed to nondelems. Mortensen and coworkers used a quantitative light structively visualize water flow in a sample of porous material using X-ray microtomography. The samples were exposed to similar(More)
We have used pulse time-of-flight techniques to examine the phonon emission from an optically excited GaAs/AlAs superlattice structure. For laser excitation wavelengths shorter than 767 nm ~the energy of E1HH1 transition!, we detect a significant longitudinal acoustic phonon component directed in a narrow beam normal to the structure. Under identical(More)
We report measurements of acoustic phonon emission from a weakly coupled AlAs/GaAs superlattice (SL) under vertical electron transport. The phonons were detected using superconducting bolometers. A peak (resonance) was observed in emission parallel to the SL growth axis when the electrical energy drop per SL period matched the energy of the first SL(More)
We demonstrate that controlled subnanosecond bursts of electronic charge can be transferred through a resonant tunneling diode by successive picosecond acoustic pulses. The effect exploits the nonlinear current-voltage characteristics of the device and its asymmetric response to the compressive and tensile components of the strain pulse. This(More)
Picosecond acoustic pulses generated by femtosecond laser excitation of a metal film induce a transient current with subnanosecond rise time in a GaAs/Au Schottky diode. The signal consists of components due to the strain pulse crossing the edge of the depletion layer in the GaAs and also the GaAs/Au interface. A theoretical model is presented for the(More)
The phonon properties of films fabricated from colloidal semiconductor nanocrystals play a major role in thermal conductance and electron scattering, which govern the principles for building colloidal-based electronics and optics including thermoelectric devices with a high ZT factor. The key point in understanding the phonon properties is to obtain the(More)
The room temperature X-ray responses as functions of time of two n type cubic GaN Schottky diodes (200 μm and 400 μm diameters) are reported. The current densities as functions of time for both diodes showed fast turn-on transients and increases in current density when illuminated with X-ray photons of energy up to 35 keV. The diodes were also electrically(More)