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The antimicrobial resistance of Streptococcus pneumoniae was surveyed in 1970-1990 at Saint Joseph and Broussais hospitals in Paris (3,279 isolates) and in 1984-1990 at the National Reference Center for Pneumococci (NRCP) in Créteil (8,128 isolates). All isolates were tested for susceptibility and serotyped. At St. Joseph and Broussais hospitals, the rate(More)
We evaluated the in vitro killing activities of ceftriaxone, imipenem, vancomycin, gentamicin, fosfomycin, and rifampin, alone and in combination, against 26 Streptococcus pneumoniae strains (penicillin G MICs, > 0.125 to 2 micrograms/ml) isolated from the cerebrospinal fluid of children with meningitis. The antibiotics were tested at clinically achievable(More)
OBJECTIVES Anti-pneumococcal antibiotic therapy has reduced morbidity and mortality of pneumococcal infections, but this success has retarded wide application of vaccination. The emergence and worldwide diffusion of antibiotic-resistant strains raises an important public health problem. The current situation requires determining the respective roles of(More)
Asplenic patients are at high risk for the development of fulminant pneumococcal bacteremia. The mortality rate in those infected patients remains high. Therefore pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine has been recommended, but despite penicillin prophylaxis pneumococcal sepsis can occur in vaccinated patients. We have observed two cases (one fatal) of(More)
Two strains of Streptococcus pneumoniae isolated from haemocultures show a phenotype resistance which has never been described within this species. This a is a dissociation between resistance and sensitivity within the macrolides group, associated with global resistance as regards pristinamycin (SA + SB).
Streptococcus pneumoniae has a prominent role in infectious bronchopulmonary diseases. This organism is normally sensitive to a vast number of antibiotics. However, in recent years, acquired resistance against tetracyclines, macrolides, and, more recently, penicillins, has emerged. Since 1987, there is indeed a regular increase in the frequency of strains(More)
The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of teicoplanin in combination with other antimicrobial agents for therapy of severe suspected or proven Gram-positive infection in children and also to determine a dosage regimen for paediatric patients. Twenty children were given 23 courses of teicoplanin therapy for 11 septicaemias, one(More)