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Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) detects small changes in water diffusion that occur in ischemic brain. This study evaluated the clinical usefulness of a phase-navigated spin-echo DWI sequence compared with T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (T2W MRI) in patients with cerebral ischemia and assessed apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and T2-weighted(More)
BACKGROUND Previously the exclusive domain of the technology of positron emission tomography, functional MRI is now proving capable of mapping functional regions of the human cortex in near real time during specific task activations or in response to any hemodynamic stress. Of particular interest is the opportunity to observe secondary cortical responses,(More)
In a model of experimental stroke, we characterize the effects of mild hypothermia, an effective neuroprotectant, on fluid shifts, cerebral perfusion and spreading depression (SD) using diffusion- (DWI) and perfusion-weighted MRI (PWI). Twenty-two rats underwent 2 h of middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion and were either kept normothermic or rendered(More)
The masseter muscle was studied during postnatal development of the rabbit from the juvenile to adult stage in which the oral function was altered during maturation by modifying the diet to soft food. The muscle was assessed using phosphate magnetic resonance (31P NMR) spectroscopy with a single-turn copper surface coil to study potential changes in(More)
Dynamic biochemical changes in the masseter muscle were studied in 14 New Zealand adult male rabbits by 31P-nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. NMR spectra were obtained during rest and electrical stimulation of the muscle in the anaesthetized animal at 33 recording sessions. Electrical stimulation was applied by a pair of copper wires placed(More)
This work studies the dynamic metabolic changes of the rabbit masseter muscle during post-natal development. The composition and proportion of oxidative and glycolytic muscle fibers alter during maturation. The masseter muscle, as most muscles of the craniofacial region, exhibits unusual development in composition of isoforms of myosin. The effect of this(More)
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