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We have extended previous observations of expression of the trypsin-resistant cell surface antigen CD9 on placental fibroblasts to virtually all cells in the villous stroma and developed a method for eliminating CD9 expressing cells from trypsinized placental preparations. Preparations incubated with the mouse anti-human CD9 monoclonal antibody 50H.19 were(More)
To examine the incorporation of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) into erythrocyte membranes during and after moderate n-3 PUFA intake, 12 healthy men were fed three diets for 6-wk periods in a 3 x 3 crossover design, supplying different amounts of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, 20:5n-3) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6n-3): a control diet, a fish(More)
The fatty acid composition of erythrocyte membranes was investigated in 21 healthy men after 6 wk of varying intakes of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, 20:5n-3) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6n-3). In one experiment, 12 subjects were fed three diets in a 3 x 3 crossover design: an essentially fish-free control diet, a fish diet (0.15 g EPA/d, 0.41 g DHA/d)(More)
7-Ketocholesterol is a major dietary oxysterol and the predominant non-enzymically formed oxysterol in human atherosclerotic plaque. We tested the hypothesis that 7-ketocholesterol is preferentially retained by tissues relative to cholesterol in vivo. To ensure rapid tissue uptake, acetylated low density lipoprotein, labeled with esters of(More)
Twelve healthy men were fed in turn three diets for 6 wk each in a 3 x 3 randomized block design: a control diet (essentially fish free), a fish diet (200 g lean Australian fish flesh/d), and the same fish-based meal but supplemented with 5 g fish oil/d. Dietary eicosapentaenoic acid [EPA, 20: 5n-3 (omega-3)] was strongly associated with erythrocyte(More)
Chick kidney mitochondrial 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 24-hydroxylase has been solubilized with sodium cholate and reconstituted with NADPH, beef adrenal ferredoxin, and beef adrenal ferredoxin reductase, each component being essential for maximal 24-hydroxylase activity. The product 24(R),25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 was identified by cochromatography with synthetic(More)
The proteins of the fibrinolytic system have been examined in the human normal and atherosclerotic arterial wall by immunohistochemical techniques and by quantitative immunoassay of extracts. The concentration of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) increased significantly during the progression from normal vessels to fatty streaks to the developed(More)
Alkyldihydroxyacetone-P (alkyl-DHAP) synthase catalyzes the exchange of the fatty acid esterified to C-1 of the DHAP portion of acyl-DHAP for a fatty alcohol to form 1-O-alkyl-DHAP, the first ether-linked intermediate in ether lipid biosynthesis. Another characteristic of the reaction is the exchange of the pro-R hydrogen at C-1. We have investigated this(More)
This study was designed to investigate the effects of oleic (CIS), palmitic (SAT) and trans fatty acids (TRANS) on cholesterol metabolism. Rats fed the TRANS diet had lower plasma total cholesterol (P < 0.005) and non-HDL-cholesterol (non HDL-C) concentrations (P < 0.005) compared with their CIS-fed counterparts. Plasma HDL-C was highest in rats fed the SAT(More)
Cholesterol oxidation products (oxysterols) have been implicated in atherogenesis due to their presence in atherosclerotic tissue and their potent effects in vitro. One of the major oxysterols currently of interest is 7-ketocholesterol (7K) and it has been suggested that the diet is an important source of this oxysterol. This investigation tested the(More)