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We reported that one of the isoquinolinesulfonamide derivatives, KN-62, is a potent and specific inhibitor of Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) (Tokumitsu, H., Chijiwa, T., Hagiwara, M., Mizutani, A., Terasawa, M. and Hidaka, H. (1990) J. Biol. Chem. 265, 4315-4320). We have now investigated the inhibitory property of a newly synthesized(More)
Semaphorin 3A is a chemorepulsive axonal guidance molecule that depolymerizes the actin cytoskeleton and collapses growth cones of dorsal root ganglia neurons. Here we investigate the role of LIM-kinase 1, which phosphorylates an actin-depolymerizing protein, cofilin, in semaphorin 3A-induced growth cone collapse. Semaphorin 3A induced phosphorylation and(More)
Mouse anti-Fas monoclonal antibody has a cytolytic activity on human cells that express the antigen. Complementary DNAs encoding the cell surface antigen Fas were isolated from a cDNA library of human T cell lymphoma KT-3 cells. The nucleotide sequence of the cDNAs revealed that the molecule coding for the Fas antigen determinant is a 319 amino acid(More)
Thylakoid membranes retaining high oxygen-evolving activity (about 250 micromol O(2)/mg Chl/h) were prepared from a marine centric diatom, Chaetoceros gracilis, after disruption of the cells by freeze-thawing. We also succeeded in purification of Photosystem II (PSII) particles by differential centrifugation of the thylakoid membranes after treatment with(More)
Here we report a novel Arabidopsis dwarf mutant, fackel-J79, whose adult morphology resembles that of brassinosteroid-deficient mutants but also displays distorted embryos, supernumerary cotyledons, multiple shoot meristems, and stunted roots. We cloned the FACKEL gene and found that it encodes a protein with sequence similarity to both the human sterol(More)
BACKGROUND The members of the MCM protein family, including MCM2, MCM3, Cdc21, CDC46, Mis5 and CDC47, are considered to be involved in the control of a single round of DNA replication during S phase in eukaryotes. They bind to chromatin during G1 and detach from it during S phase as if they license the chromatin to replicate. However, unlike the originally(More)
We have prepared an mAb specific for a human cell surface component (termed anti-Fas mAb). Anti-Fas shows cell-killing activity that is indistinguishable from the cytolytic activity of TNF. Fas antigen was characterized by western blotting, indicating that Fas antigen is a cell surface protein with a molecular weight of 200,000, which is different from the(More)
The spontaneously epileptic rat (SER), a double mutant, manifests both tonic and absence-like seizures. The effect of topiramate, a novel antiepileptic drug, on the extracellular levels of excitatory amino acids (EAA) in the hippocampus of SER was investigated using in vivo microdialysis. The basal levels of glutamate and aspartate in dialysates of(More)
Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency is a heterogeneous enzyme abnormality with high frequency in tropical areas. We performed population screening and molecular studies of G6PD variants to clarify their distribution and features in Southeast Asia. A total of 4317 participants (2019 males, 2298 females) from 16 ethnic groups in Myanmar, Lao(More)
In this paper we first report that exon skipping from the dystrophin gene transcript could be induced in living cells by an antisense oligodeoxynucleotide (ODN) complementary to an exon recognition sequence (ERS). Incubation of lymphoblastoid cells with an antisense ODN against the purine-rich region of dystrophin exon 19 resulted in skipping of the exon(More)