A. Iranmanesh

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Interactions among the brain, the pituitary gland, and the adrenal glands (i.e., the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal [HPA] axis) help regulate the body's response to stress. The adrenal hormone cortisol plays a key role in stress reduction through its effects on multiple body systems. Excessive cortisol activity during both chronic alcohol administration and(More)
Testosterone (T) therapy for hypogonadal men should correct the clinical abnormalities of T deficiency, including improvement of sexual function, increase in muscle mass and strength, and decrease in fat mass, with minimal adverse effects. We have shown that administration of a new transdermal T gel formulation to hypogonadal men provided dose proportional(More)
Transdermal testosterone (T) delivery represents an effective alternative to injectable androgens. We studied 163 hypogonadal men who applied 5, 7.5, or 10 g AndroGel (T gel) 1% CIII per day for up to 42 months. Efficacy data were presented in 123 subjects considered evaluable. Continuous AndroGel treatment normalized mean serum T and free T levels. Mean(More)
In the present study we measured fasting lipid profiles in over 8,500 community-living men with coronary artery disease (CAD) to determine the distribution of lipid abnormalities in this population: 81% were white and 16% black; mean age 62.9 +/- 8 years; mean total cholesterol 214 +/- 41 mg/dl; low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol 140 +/- 37 mg/dl;(More)
Transdermal delivery of testosterone (T) represents an effective alternative to injectable androgens. Transdermal T patches normalize serum T levels and reverse the symptoms of androgen deficiency in hypogonadal men. However, the acceptance of the closed system T patches has been limited by skin irritation and/or lack of adherence. T gels have been proposed(More)
To study the effects of androgen replacement therapy on muscle mass and strength and bone turnover markers in hypogonadal men, we administered sublingual testosterone (T) cyclodextrin (SLT; 5 mg, three times daily) to 67 hypogonadal men (baseline serum T, < 8.4 nmol/L) recruited from 4 centers in the U.S.: Torrance (n = 34), Durham (n = 12), New York (n =(More)
Mean plasma GH concentrations are controlled by the frequency, amplitude, and duration of underlying GH secretory bursts as well as by the half-life of endogenous GH. We investigated the specific mechanisms that subserve the clinically recognized negative effects of age and adiposity on mean serum GH concentrations. To this end, 21 healthy men, aged 21-71(More)
To investigate the pathophysiology of altered growth hormone (GH) and prolactin secretion in endstage renal disease, we sampled blood at 10-min intervals for 24 h and applied deconvolution analysis to calculate hormone half-lives and pulsatile secretion rates. Two-site immunoradiometric assays were employed to quantitate presumptively intact GH and(More)
We have examined the mechanism subserving the in vivo circadian rhythm of cortisol in men. To this end, blood samples were withdrawn at 10-min intervals for 24 h in each of six men to yield well-defined profiles of episodic cortisol release. A novel multiple-parameter deconvolution model was applied to discriminate the number, amplitudes, and durations of(More)
New statistical perspectives on the secretory patterns of both luteinizing hormone (LH) and testosterone (T) may prove useful in further understanding the aging process, and possibly ultimately in improving the diagnosis and treatment of spermatogenetic failure and loss of sexual interest. We examined serum concentration time-series for LH and T in 14 young(More)