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Legumes enter nodule symbioses with nitrogen-fixing bacteria (rhizobia), whereas most flowering plants establish symbiotic associations with arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi. Once first steps of symbiosis are initiated, nodule formation and mycorrhization in legumes is negatively controlled by a shoot-derived inhibitor (SDI), a phenomenon termed(More)
The effect of the arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis (AM) varies in plant cultivars. In the present study, we tested whether wild-type, old and modern tomato cultivars differ in the parameters of the AM interaction. Moreover, the bioprotective effect of AM against the soilborne tomato pathogen Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici (Fol) was tested in the(More)
The use of natural products for the treatment of protozoal infections (Leishmania and Trypanosoma spp.) is well known and has been documented since ancient times. We have already established an in vitro culture system using mammalian host cells (Vero) infected with Trypanosoma cruzi in which the time course of parasite growth is determined quantitatively.(More)
Although most land plants are hosts for arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF), a small number of plant families are arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) nonhosts. There are indications that strigolactone levels in root exudates of AM nonhost plants are lower than in AM host plants, and it has been shown that in the strigolactone-deficient rms1 mutant (ccd8) of the AM(More)
The systemic effect of root colonization by the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus (AMF) Glomus mosseae on the susceptibility of old and modern barley varieties to the soil-borne fungal pathogen Gaeumannomyces graminis var. tritici (Ggt) was studied in a split-root system. Plants were precolonized on one side of the split-root systemwith the AMF and thereafter(More)
Gaeumannomyces graminis var. tritici causes take-all disease, the most important root disease of cereal plants. Cereal plants are able to form a symbiotic association with soil-borne arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi which can provide bioprotection against soil-borne fungal pathogens. However, the bioprotective effect of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi against(More)
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