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We recently reported behavioral improvements following intrastriatal transplantation of cryopreserved cultured human neuroteratocarcinoma-derived cells (hNT neurons) in rats with cerebral ischemia induced by occlusion of the middle cerebral artery. In the present study, the viability and survival of hNT neurons were evaluated immediately prior to the(More)
One of the major issues in neural transplantation is the low survival rate (<5%) of transplanted dopamine (DA) neurons [3]. Recently it has been shown that it is possible to enhance the survival of these neurons, which in turn may decrease the amount of tissue that is required for each transplantation patient. The present paper demonstrates a novel approach(More)
Neural tissue transplantation has become an alternative treatment for Parkinson's disease (PD) and other neurodegenerative disorders. The clinical use of neural grafts as a source of dopamine for Parkinson's disease patients, although beneficial, is associated with logistical and ethical issues. Thus, alternative graft sources have been explored including(More)
The poor survival of embryonic dopaminergic (DA) neurons transplanted into patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) has encouraged researchers to search for new methods to affect the short- as well as long-term survival of these neurons after transplantation. In several previous rodent studies Sertoli cells increased survival of islet cells and chromaffin(More)
Sertoli cells (SCs) provide immune protection and nutritive support to the developing germ cells in the testis. Sertoli cells have also been shown to provide immune protection to islets transplanted outside the testes. In this study, the ability of these cells to diminish the infiltration/activation of microglia into a neural graft implanted in the lesioned(More)
Testis-derived Sertoli cells have been used to create an immune "privileged" site outside of the testis to facilitate cell transplantation protocols for diabetes and neurodegenerative diseases. In addition to secreting immunoprotective factors, Sertoli cells also secrete growth and trophic factors that appear to enhance the posttransplantation viability of(More)
The purpose of the current study was to determine the optimal strategy for preparing cell suspensions for co-transplantation. In the first experiment, the number of Sertoli cell (SC) aggregates and the number of tyrosine hydroxylase positive neurons were compared over time when cell suspensions of Sertoli or ventral mesencephalic cells were kept as a(More)
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