A . I . Lebedev

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This paper gives the equations for the use of fast Fourier transformations in individual atomic anisotropic refinement. Restraints on bonded atoms, on the sphericity of each atom and between non-crystallographic symmetry related atoms are described. These have been implemented in the program REFMAC and its performance with several examples is analysed. All(More)
This Letter reports results from the MINOS experiment based on its initial exposure to neutrinos from the Fermilab NuMI beam. The rates and energy spectra of charged current nu(mu) interactions are compared in two detectors located along the beam axis at distances of 1 and 735 km. With 1.27 x 10(20) 120 GeV protons incident on the NuMI target, 215 events(More)
We report measurements of single-particle inclusive spectra and two-particle azimuthal distributions of charged hadrons at high transverse momentum (high p(T)) in minimum bias and central d+Au collisions at sqrt[s(NN)]=200 GeV. The inclusive yield is enhanced in d+Au collisions relative to binary-scaled p+p collisions, while the two-particle azimuthal(More)
We report high statistics measurements of inclusive charged hadron production in Au+Au and p+p collisions at sqrt[s(NN)]=200 GeV. A large, approximately constant hadron suppression is observed in central Au+Au collisions for 5<p(T)<12 GeV/c. The collision energy dependence of the yields and the centrality and p(T) dependence of the suppression provide(More)
The active center of DNA-dependent RNA polymerase performs the principal biochemical reaction of gene expression. Using cross-linkable substrate analogs and site-directed mutations, two evolutionarily invariant amino acids in the beta subunit of the Escherichia coli enzyme (Lys1065 and His1237) were mapped close to the binding site of the priming substrate(More)
The elastic electroproduction of ρ mesons is studied at HERA with the H1 detector for a photon virtuality in the range 1 < Q < 60 GeV and for a hadronic centre of mass energy in the range 30 < W < 140 GeV. The shape of the (ππ) mass distribution in the ρ resonance region is measured as a function of Q. The full set of ρ spin density matrix elements is(More)
The electroproduction of J/ψ and ψ(2S) mesons is studied in elastic, quasi-elastic and inclusive reactions for four momentum transfers 2 < Q < 80 GeV and photon-proton centre of mass energies 25 < W < 180 GeV. The data were taken with the H1 detector at the electron proton collider HERA in the years 1995 to 1997. The total virtual photon-proton cross(More)
The STAR collaboration at the BNL Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collider (RHIC) reports measurements of the inclusive yield of nonphotonic electrons, which arise dominantly from semileptonic decays of heavy flavor mesons, over a broad range of transverse momenta (1.2<p(T)<10 GeV/c) in p+p, d+Au, and Au+Au collisions at sqrt[s_{NN}]=200 GeV. The nonphotonic(More)
A precise measurement of the inclusive deep-inelastic ep scattering cross section is reported in the kinematic range 1.5 ≤ Q ≤ 150GeV and 3 · 10 ≤ x ≤ 0.2. The data were recorded with the H1 detector at HERA in 1996 and 1997, and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 20 pb. The double differential cross section, from which the proton structure function(More)
A precise measurement of the proton flux in primary cosmic rays with rigidity (momentum/charge) from 1 GV to 1.8 TV is presented based on 300 million events. Knowledge of the rigidity dependence of the proton flux is important in understanding the origin, acceleration, and propagation of cosmic rays. We present the detailed variation with rigidity of the(More)