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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Cerebral hemodynamics abnormality in Alzheimer disease (AD) is not fully understood. Our aim was to determine whether regional hypoperfusion due to AD is associated with abnormalities in regional arterial blood volume (rABV) and regional arterial transit time (rATT) as measured by quantitative arterial spin-labeling (ASL) with(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine whether arterial spin labelling (ASL) at 3-T MR imaging can be used to discriminate individuals with Alzheimer's disease (AD) from cognitively normal subjects. Twenty AD patients and 23 cognitively normal control subjects were studied using ASL on a 3-T MR imager. Absolute regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) maps(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE We investigated the relationship between tumor blood-flow measurement based on perfusion imaging by arterial spin-labeling (ASL-PI) and histopathologic findings in brain tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS We used ASL-PI to examine 35 patients with brain tumors, including 11 gliomas, 9 meningiomas, 9 schwannomas, 1 diffuse large B-cell(More)
OBJECTIVE (1) To detect diffuse axonal injury (DAI) lesions by diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), as compared with fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) imaging and (2) to evaluate hemorrhagic DAI lesions by b0 images obtained from DWI, as compared with gradient-echo (GRE) imaging. METHODS We reviewed MR images of 36 patients with a diagnosis of DAI.(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated both functional and structural abnormalities in the frontal-striatal-thalamic circuits in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). The purpose of this study was to assess volume abnormalities not only of gray matter (GM), but also of white matter (WM) in patients with OCD using voxel-based morphometry (VBM). Subjects consisted(More)
Our purpose was to evaluate the ability of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) to characterize cervical spinal cord white matter (WM) in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). DTI were obtained in 21 MS patients and 21 control subjects (CS). Regions of interest (ROIs) were placed at C2/3, C3/4, and C4/5 within the right, left, and dorsal (WM) to calculate(More)
INTRODUCTION Our purpose was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of arterial spin labeling (ASL) perfusion imaging, diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), and (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) in differentiating primary central nervous system lymphomas (PCNSLs) from glioblastoma multiformes (GBMs). METHODS Fifty-six patients(More)
INTRODUCTION Hemangioblastoma and metastatic tumors are the major differential diagnoses for the posterior fossa tumors in adults. Our purpose was to evaluate the efficacy of ASL in differentiating hemangioblastomas from metastatic brain tumors. METHODS A total of 19 patients including 5 with a hemangioblastomas and 14 with metastatic tumors (7 from lung(More)
We report herein a case of 2-year-old boy diagnosed with a mild form of Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease due to deletion of the entire proteolipid protein 1 (PLP1) gene. The patient demonstrated spastic quadriplegia, mental retardation, and microcephaly. He exhibited brainstem auditory evoked potentials with prolonged interpeak latencies and magnetic resonance(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Patients successfully treated with vertebroplasty often return with new pain caused by a new vertebral body fracture. The new fractures often are adjacent to the vertebral bodies that were initially treated. In our clinical work, we have observed that cement leakage into the disk increases the risk of new fracture of the adjacent(More)