A Heling

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The cytoskeleton of cardiac myocytes consists of actin, the intermediate filament desmin and of alpha- and beta-tubulin that form the microtubules by polymerization. Vinculin, talin, dystrophin and spectrin represent a separate group of membrane-associated proteins. In numerous experimental studies, the role of cytoskeletal alterations especially of(More)
Experimental studies have shown that in hypertrophy and heart failure, accumulation of microtubules occurs that impedes sarcomere motion and contributes to decreased ventricular compliance. We tested the hypothesis that these changes are present in the failing human heart and that an entire complex of structural components, including cytoskeletal, linkage,(More)
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