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Blood relatives of patients with the inherited disease ataxia telangiectasia (A-T) have an increased susceptibility for breast cancer. We therefore looked for sequence alterations of the ATM gene in a large hospital-based series of unselected breast cancer patients. The whole ATM coding sequence was analyzed in genomic DNA samples from a core group of 192(More)
BACKGROUND Cystic fibrosis (CF) lung disease is characterized by perpetuated neutrophilic inflammation with progressive tissue destruction. Neutrophils represent the major cellular fraction in CF airway fluids and are known to form neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) upon stimulation. Large amounts of extracellular DNA-NETs are present in CF airway(More)
Upon activation, neutrophils release DNA fibers decorated with antimicrobial proteins, forming neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs). Although NETs are bactericidal and contribute to innate host defense, excessive NET formation has been linked to the pathogenesis of autoinflammatory diseases. However, the mechanisms regulating NET formation, particularly(More)
Chronic lung disease determines the morbidity and mortality of cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. The pulmonary immune response in CF is characterized by an early and non-resolving activation of the innate immune system, which is dysregulated at several levels. Here we provide a comprehensive overview of innate immunity in CF lung disease, involving (i)(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is the most common inherited disorder of neutrophil function, is caused by mutations in the reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase, and results in recurrent bacterial infections. OBJECTIVE We sought to investigate the expression and function of innate immune receptors on(More)
RNAs are capable of modulating immune responses by binding to specific receptors. Neutrophils represent the major fraction of circulating immune cells, but receptors and mechanisms by which neutrophils sense RNA are poorly defined. Here, we analyzed the mRNA and protein expression patterns and the subcellular localization of the RNA receptors RIG-I, MDA-5,(More)
A genome-wide association study identified interferon-related development regulator-1 (IFRD1), a protein expressed by neutrophils, as a key modifier gene in cystic fibrosis (CF) lung disease. Here, we investigated the expression and regulation of IFRD1 in CF neutrophils. IFRD1 expression was quantified in peripheral blood and airway neutrophils from(More)
Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is the most common inherited disorder of phagocytic functions, caused by genetic defects in the leukocyte nicotinamide dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase. Consequently, CGD phagocytes are impaired in destroying phagocytosed microorganisms, rendering the patients susceptible to bacterial and fungal infections. Besides(More)
Neutrophils represent the major fraction of circulating immune cells and are rapidly recruited to sites of infection and inflammation. The inflammasome is a multiprotein complex that regulates the generation of IL-1 family proteins. The precise subcellular localization and functionality of the inflammasome in human neutrophils are poorly defined. Here we(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa persists in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) and drives CF lung disease progression. P. aeruginosa potently activates the innate immune system, mainly mediated through pathogen-associated molecular patterns, such as flagellin. However, the host is unable to eradicate this flagellated bacterium efficiently. The underlying(More)