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Leaves are the final site of salinity perception through the roots. To better understand how wheat chloroplasts proteins respond to salt stress, the study aimed to the physiochemical and comparative proteomics analysis. Seedlings (12-days-old) were exposed to 150 mM NaCl for 1, 2, or 3 days. Na+ ions were rapid and excessively increase in roots, stems and(More)
We utilized Percoll density gradient centrifugation to isolate and fractionate chloroplasts of Korean winter wheat cultivar cv. Kumgang (Triticum aestivum L.). The resulting protein fractions were separated by one dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (1D-PAGE) coupled with LTQ-FTICR mass spectrometry. This enabled us to detect and identify 767(More)
Cellular mechanisms of stress sensing and signaling represent the initial plant responses to adverse conditions. The development of high-throughput "Omics" techniques has initiated a new era of the study of plant molecular strategies for adapting to environmental changes. However, the elucidation of stress adaptation mechanisms in plants requires the(More)
Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer in women in many areas and is increasing found in developing countries, where the majority of cases are diagnosed in late stages. Retinoic acids, through their associated nuclear receptors, exert intoxicating effects on cell growth, differentiation and apoptosis, and hold significant promise in relation to(More)
To know the molecular systems basically flooding conditions in soybean, biophoton emission measurements and proteomic analyses were carried out for flooding-stressed roots under light and dark conditions. Photon emission was analyzed using a photon counter. Gel-free quantitative proteomics were performed to identify significant changes proteins using the(More)
For better protection of surreptitious information from the intruders, steganography is now a widely used technique for hiding information through bits embedding inside a picture, speech and other multimedia contents. Among many different steganography schemes, prediction errors based reversible data hiding methods are more effective for security reasons.(More)
Images are intentionally distorted in many reversible data hiding schemes. This distortion is performed either by encrypting before data embedment or by applying histogram association mapping (HAM) during data concealment. The later one minimizes the processing complexity and demolishes the requirement of sharing secret keys. In the HAM, each block's pixels(More)
Gametophytic factors mediate pollen-pistil interactions in maize (Zea mays L.) and play active roles in limiting gene flow among maize populations and between maize and teosinte. This study was carried out to identify proteins and investigate the mechanism of gametophytic factors using protein analysis. W22 (ga1); which did not carry a gametophytic factor(More)