A. H. L. Chamberlain

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Studies were conducted into the formation and physiological state of coccoid cells of a strain of the human and animal pathogen Campylobacter jejuni. It was found that growth phase and the presence of chloramphenicol did not affect the rate of shape transformation from spiral to coccoid, while nutrient limitation, aeration of the medium and the presence of(More)
The presence of 'ultramicrocells' in natural mineral water, capable of passing through a 0.2 micron filter, has been demonstrated. Filters allowing the greatest proportion of viable (culturable) cells to pass ranked in the order, 0.4 micron polycarbonate (5.02%) > 0.2 micron polycarbonate (0.02%) > or = 0.45 micron cellulose nitrate (0.02%) > 0.2 micron(More)
Stainless steel coupons were treated with skim milk and subsequently challenged with individual bacterial suspensions of Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas fragi, Escherichia coli, Listeria monocytogenes, and Serratia marcescens. The numbers of attached bacteria were determined by direct epifluorescence microscopy and compared with the attachment levels on(More)
Ecosystems in the tropics are predicted to have stronger responses to nutrient enrichment, greater diversity, and more intense biotic interactions than in temperate areas. Mangrove forests, which occur across a broad biogeographic range from warm temperate to tropical, provide a unique opportunity to test these hypotheses by investigating the responses of(More)
Investigation of the distribution of the viable autochthonous microflora in three brands of 1-2-month-old bottled mineral water showed that 1.8 x 10(4) (S.E.M. 8.9 x 10(3), n = 5) to 1.2 x 10(5) (S.E.M. 1.3 x 10(4), n = 5) cfu ml-1 were planktonic cells while 11 (S.E.M. 4, n = 5)-632 (S.E.M. 176, n = 5) cfu cm-2 were found in the biofilm. The biofilm(More)
Complex gradients in forest structure across the landscape of offshore mangrove islands in Belize are associated with nutrient deficiency and flooding. While nutrient availability can affect many ecological processes, here we investigate how N and P enrichment interact with forest structure in three distinct zones (fringe, transition, dwarf) to alter(More)
A series of experiments to determine the survival characteristics of environmental and faecal coliforms in a 1.3 km long experimental pipe distribution system is described. In the first experiments, tertiary treated effluent (10(3)-10(4) coliforms ml-1) was inoculated directly into the distribution system. Coliform organisms were not detected in any samples(More)
Campylobacter jejuni cells, when stressed by aeration of the liquid culture medium, were protected from death when a block of wood was present in the broth, especially at 30 degrees C. Sealing the wood inside a porous membrane showed that access to its physical structure was necessary for the protection of cells and that soluble free-radical scavengers from(More)
Ecological and Scanning electron microscope (S. E. M.) studies indicated that the diatomAmphora was an important constituent in the initial colonization of test panels coated with a copper antifouling composition.Amphora was also found as the dominant fouling diatom species on paint samples from “in-service” supertankers and yachts. Associated with the(More)
There are several concerns associated with the use of chlorine for potable water disinfection. These are the resistance of certain pathogens, the formation of toxic disinfection by-products and the adverse effects on aesthetic water quality. Owing to these concerns the water industry is continually reviewing alternative disinfection technologies. A(More)