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BACKGROUND Adjuvant chemotherapy is widely used for breast cancer and is known to extend survival. Some clinicians seek a greater survival benefit by increasing the intensity of the dose, whereas others lower it to diminish toxicity. METHODS The Cancer and Leukemia Group B (CALGB) conducted a randomized trial of different levels of doses and dose(More)
One hundred and seven patients with advanced pancreatic cancer and 111 patients with advanced gastric cancer, stratified for key medical and sociodemographic variables, were assessed with the Profile of Mood States before beginning combination chemotherapy in a national cancer clinical trials group. The pancreatic cancer patients had significantly higher(More)
BACKGROUND The possible link between psychological factors and length of cancer survival has generated a literature of contradictory findings. Associations usually have not been found when general psychological symptoms are assessed. Associations usually have been found for predictors related to expressive versus repressive emotional coping (e.g.,(More)
BACKGROUND In patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), toxoplasmic encephalitis is usually a presumptive diagnosis based on the clinical manifestations, a positive antitoxoplasma-antibody titer, and characteristic neuroradiologic abnormalities. A response to specific therapy helps to confirm the diagnosis, but it is unclear how rapid the(More)
One hundred thirteen evaluable patients with previously untreated stage III breast carcinoma were treated with three monthly cycles of cyclophosphamide (CYC), doxorubicin (DOX), 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), vincristine (VCR), and prednisone (PRED) (CAFVP). Subsequently, 91 (81%) were deemed operable. Patients were then randomized to receive surgery or(More)
PURPOSE Amphotericin B has been the treatment of choice for disseminated histoplasmosis in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Oral antifungal agents would be welcome alternatives to standard treatment of disseminated histoplasmosis in less severe cases. The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of itraconazole(More)
PURPOSE This study assesses the efficacy and safety of fluconazole therapy in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and mild to moderately severe manifestations of disseminated histoplasmosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS This was a multicenter, open-label, nonrandomized prospective trial. All patients had AIDS and disseminated histoplasmosis.(More)
PURPOSE To study the efficacy and safety of maintenance treatment with itraconazole for disseminated histoplasmosis in patients with AIDS. PATIENTS AND METHODS This was a prospective, multicenter, open-label study conducted at university-based hospitals participating in the AIDS Clinical Trial Group (ACTG). Forty-six AIDS patients with mild to moderate(More)
Three combination chemotherapy regimens each with or without the methanol-extracted residue of bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) (MER) were compared for efficacy. After stratification for disease-free interval and dominant sites of disease, patients were randomized to either CMF (cyclophosphamide [CYC], 100 mg/m2 orally, days 1 through 14; methotrexate [MTX],(More)
The Cancer and Leukemia Group B (CALGB) evaluated the response to subsequent chemotherapy or chemohormonal therapy in 46 patients with advanced breast cancer treated previously with adjuvant chemotherapy that had been completed 6 months or more before protocol entry. The results were compared with 379 patients in the same study who had not received prior(More)