Learn More
A study of Zika virus infections was carried out in four communities in Oyo State, Nigeria. Virus isolation studies between 1971 and 1975 yielded two virus isolations from human cases of mild febrile illness. Haemagglutination-inhibition tests revealed a high prevalence of antibodies to Zika and three other flaviviruses used. The percentages of positive(More)
A survey for haemagglutination-inhibiting arthropod-borne virus antibody was carried out in the Kainji Lake area of Nigeria. Of 267 persons tested, 139 (52%) and 158 (59%) had alphavirus and flavivirus group HI antibody, respectively. The prevalence of antibody to individual virus antigen is as follows: Chikungunya, 45%; Semliki Forest, 25%; Sindbis, 33%,(More)
  • A Fagbami
  • Tropical and geographical medicine
  • 1977
A study of arbovirus infections occurring in Igbo-Ora community was carried out between May and October 1975. Haemagglutination inhibition test performed on seventy-eight human sera showed a high prevalence of antibodies against all the six arboviruses used. Percentage of positive sera were as follows: Chikungunya, (28%); Yellow fever (36%); Dengue type 1(More)
A survey for West Nile Virus (WNV) haemagglutination-inhibition (HI) antibody was carried out in humans and domestic animals. Human sera were collected from Ibadan, while the animal sera were collected from both Ibadan and Maiduguri. Out of 304 human sera tested, 123 were positive (40%). There was a higher prevalence of HI antibody in adults than children.(More)
In a 30-month prospective study of severe acute lower respiratory infections in hospitalized pre-school Nigerian children, acute bronchiolitis was diagnosed in 67 cases; 19 (28.4%) and 2 (3.0%) of these had concomitant pneumonia or croup, respectively. The peak prevalence was in the wet (rainy) season (May-October). The male/female (M:F) ratio in infants <(More)
A retrospective serological survey for dengue immunity was conducted in Nigeria to determine the prevalence of infection in man and non-human primates. Preliminary haemagglutination-inhibition (HI) tests revealed that 63% of persons tested had HI antibodies against one or more of the following flaviviruses: dengue type 1, yellow fever, West Nile and(More)
Three primates inoculated with Congo virus (CV) developed viremia. The animals showed neither any rise in rectal temperature, nor signs of overt disease; however, in one of them pruritus and rash were observed. Skin biopsy revealed vasculitis and hemorrhage. By complement fixation, neutralization and gel diffusion tests CV antibodies were demonstrated in(More)
A dengue type 1 epidemic occurred in Fiji between July 1989 and July 1990. Virus isolation in C6/36 cell cultures and Toxorhynchites mosquitos yielded 36 strains. Of the 3686 cases recorded by the Ministry of Health, 60% involved indigenous Fijians and 37%, Indians. A house-to-house survey revealed that a large majority of patients had classical dengue(More)