A H Arzt

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Electro-olfactograms (EOGs) were used to assess olfactory responding by aquatic larval and terrestrial adult tiger salamanders (Ambystoma tigrinum) to airborne volatile compounds, and volatile and non-volatile compounds in aqueous solution. Both forms of salamander showed saturation effects to presentations of airborne stimuli (Fig. 2). Saturation was not(More)
Trigeminal receptors can respond to a wide variety of chemical stimuli, but it is unknown whether these receptors mediate discrimination between chemical stimuli matched for equal perceptual intensity. The present electrophysiological and behavioral experiments address this issue using tiger salamanders, Ambystoma tigrinum, and four compounds (amyl acetate,(More)
Certain unconditioned stimuli (UCS) in flavor avoidance learning sometimes become ineffective after pairings with relatively stronger UCS. This failure of avoidance learning (avfail) has been demonstrated only with rodents. The present investigations were conducted to determine whether avfail might also occur with avian species, the food selection of which(More)
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