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The perception of downy mildew avirulence (Arabidopsis thaliana Recognized [ATR]) gene products by matching Arabidopsis thaliana resistance (Recognition of Peronospora parasitica [RPP]) gene products triggers localized cell death (a hypersensitive response) in the host plant, and this inhibits pathogen development. The oomycete pathogen, therefore, is under(More)
We examined the relationship between p53 levels before and after irradiation, radiation-induced cell cycle delays, apoptotic cell death and radiosensitivity in a panel of eight human tumour cell lines. The cell lines differed widely in their clonogenic survival after radiation, (surviving fraction at 2 Gy: SF2=0.18-0.82). Constitutive p53 protein levels(More)
The fungal family Clavicipitaceae includes plant symbionts and parasites that produce several psychoactive and bioprotective alkaloids. The family includes grass symbionts in the epichloae clade (Epichloë and Neotyphodium species), which are extraordinarily diverse both in their host interactions and in their alkaloid profiles. Epichloae produce alkaloids(More)
Four QTL conferring resistance to ergot were identified in the UK winter wheat varieties ‘Robigus’ and ‘Solstice’. Two QTL co-located with semi-dwarfing alleles at the Rht loci Rht - 1B and Rht - 1D implicating a role of these DELLA proteins in infection success of Claviceps purpurea. The fungal pathogen Claviceps purpurea infects ovaries of a broad range(More)
To date, a small number of major flowering time loci have been identified in the related Triticeae crops, bread wheat (Triticum aestivum), durum wheat (T. durum), and barley (Hordeum vulgare). Natural genetic variants at these loci result in major phenotypic changes which have adapted crops to the novel environments encountered during the spread of(More)
A very important goal is to determine which molecular components may be used in the execution of programmed cell death (PCD) in plants, which have been conserved during evolution and which are plant specific. Using A. thaliana we have shown that UV radiation can induce apoptotic-like changes at the cellular level and that an UV experimental system was(More)
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