A Giancaterini

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BACKGROUND/AIMS Plasma fibronectin levels are reportedly decreased in patients with cirrhosis, while increases are associated with acute and chronic hepatitis. We studied 101 patients with chronic liver disease to determine the relationship between disease etiology and plasma fibronectin levels. METHODOLOGY Plasma fibronectin levels and standard liver(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the effectiveness of biliopancreatic diversion (BPD) in the treatment of morbid obesity and to evaluate how the procedure affects body weight. SUBJECTS Fourteen morbidly obese subjects studied before and 30 months after BPD and fifteen healthy volunteers matched for age, sex and height (controls). METHODS Comparison of the following(More)
OBJECTIVE Aim of the present study is to evaluate the effects of L-carnitine on insulin-mediated glucose uptake and oxidation in type II diabetic patients and compare the results with those in healthy controls. DESIGN Fifteen type II diabetic patients and 20 healthy volunteers underwent a short-term (2 hours) euglycemic hyperinsulinemic clamp with(More)
Little information is available in the literature on the effect of L-carnitine to improve glucose disposal in healthy control subjects and type 2 diabetic patients. No data are reported on the pharmacological properties of acetyl-L-carnitine (ALC) in type 2 diabetes mellitus. The present study evaluates glucose uptake and oxidation rates with either ALC or(More)
The aim of this work was to develop a mathematical model describing the functional dependence of insulin secretion on plasma glucose concentrations during 24 h of free living. We obtained hourly central venous blood samples from a group of healthy volunteers who spent 24 h in a calorimetric chamber, where they consumed standardized meals. Insulin secretory(More)
One of the main goals of weight reduction in morbidly obese subjects is its benefit on coronary heart disease (CHD) risk. A cross-sectional study was designed to randomly assign 79 morbidly obese subjects (27 men and 52 women; age: 30-45 years) either to a diet protocol (20 kcal per kg fat-free mass (FFM); 55% carbohydrates, 30% fat, and 15% proteins) or to(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS To study the tolerability of propionyl-L-carnitine administered as rectal irrigation and its efficacy in improving the clinical picture of distal ulcerative colitis. METHODOLOGY Ten male subjects (aged 18 to 55 years, with a body mass index ranging from 21 to 25 Kg/m2) with distal ulcerative colitis were treated with propionyl-L-carnitine(More)
An impairment of nutritional status up to real malnutrition can frequently be associated to gastrointestinal diseases. The diseases of the gastrointestinal tract can be divided into five groups: those hampering the nutrient physiological transit (especially neoplastic diseases); those affecting the intestinal mucosa (such as chronic inflammatory bowel(More)
One of the major complications found in patients affected by malignancy of the gastrointestinal tract is represented by an alteration of nutritional status, up to real cachexia. The factors responsible for the severe nutritional deficiencies are: metabolic alterations, which involve carbohydrate, lipid and protein metabolism; the reduced availability of(More)
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