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BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to evaluate the appropriateness of intubation depth marks on the new Microcuff paediatric tracheal tube. METHODS With local Institutional Ethics Committee approval and informed parental consent, we included patients from birth (weighing > or =3 kg) to 16 yr who were undergoing general anaesthesia requiring orotracheal(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the position of the new Microcuff pediatric tracheal tube, based upon intubation depth markings. METHODS With Institutional Ethics Committee approval and informed parental consent, we included patients from birth (> or = 3 kg) to 16 yr undergoing interventional cardiac catheterization requiring general anesthesia with orotracheal(More)
BACKGROUND The use of cuffed tracheal tubes (TTs) in small children is still controversial. The aim of this study was to compare post-extubation morbidity and TT exchange rates when using cuffed vs uncuffed tubes in small children. METHODS Patients aged from birth to 5 yr requiring general anaesthesia with TT intubation were included in 24 European(More)
OBJECTIVE This study compared the recently introduced Microcuff endotracheal tube HVLP ICU featuring an ultrathin (7-microm) polyurethane cuff membrane with endotracheal tubes from different manufacturers regarding fluid leakage past the tube cuff. DESIGN In vitro setup. MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS The following endotracheal tubes (ID 7.5 mm) were(More)
BACKGROUND Classic rapid sequence induction puts pediatric patients at risk of cardiorespiratory deterioration and traumatic intubation due to their reduced apnea tolerance and related shortened intubation time. A 'controlled' rapid sequence induction and intubation technique (cRSII) with gentle facemask ventilation prior to intubation may be a safer and(More)
PURPOSE Children with spina bifida, bladder exstrophy and anorectal anomalies are at risk for latex allergy. Severe intraoperative anaphylaxis in a boy treated with kidney transplantation prompted this study to evaluate the prevalence of latex allergy in a cohort of children with chronic renal failure (CRF). MATERIALS AND METHODS Between 1996 and 2002, 57(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE Although ketamine is one of the most commonly used sedatives to facilitate painful procedures for children in the emergency department (ED), existing studies have not been large enough to identify clinical factors that are predictive of uncommon airway and respiratory adverse events. METHODS We pooled individual-patient data from 32 ED(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE Ketamine is widely used in emergency departments (EDs) to facilitate painful procedures; however, existing descriptors of predictors of emesis and recovery agitation are derived from relatively small studies. METHODS We pooled individual-patient data from 32 ED studies and performed multiple logistic regression to determine which clinical(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of a new cuff pressure release valve (CPRV), in which the release pressure can be adjusted from 10 to 25 cmH2O, particularly intended to control pressure in paediatric cuffed tracheal tubes and to avoid cuff hyperinflation caused by N2O diffusion. METHODS In vitro: the PRV was set to 10, 15,(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate, whether the video-optical intubation stylet (VOIS) was more successful for difficult tracheal intubation than the Bullard laryngoscope (BL). METHODS An intubation mannequin head was modified so that, using a Macintosh blade size 3, only the epiglottis was visible at direct laryngoscopy, representing a grade III laryngoscopic view.(More)